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Autochthonous Leishmania siamensis in Horse, Florida, USA.

06:00 EDT 31st August 2012 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Autochthonous Leishmania siamensis in Horse, Florida, USA."

TO THE
EDITOR:
Leishmania siamensis, a recently described species, was identified as the cause of autochthonous visceral leishmaniasis in 2 men in southern Thailand (1,2). Cutaneous leishmaniasis has been reported in horses in Europe and South America. Lesions in horses are solitary or multiple nodules that are often ulcerated and most commonly occur on the head, pinnae, legs, and neck. Other clinical signs are usually absent. In South America, biochemical characterization has identified L. braziliensis in horses (3). Leishmaniasis has been reported in horses in Puerto Rico (4), and equine leishmaniasis has been described, but no reports have been published, in the United States. L. infantum has been reported in equine cutaneous leishmaniasis in Europe (5). A report from central Europe recently identified an organism with 98% nucleotide identity over the ITS (internal transcribed spacer) 1 region to L. siamensis as the cause of cutaneous leishmaniasis in 4 horses (6). L. siamensis was also identified in a case of cutaneous bovine leishmaniasis in Switzerland (7).

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Emerging infectious diseases
ISSN: 1080-6059
Pages: 1545-7

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