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A process for human influenza H1N1 virus vaccine production from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells using a novel packed-bed bioreactor is described in this report. The mini-bioreactor was used to study the relationship between cell density and glucose consumption rate and to optimize the infection parameters of the influenza H1N1 virus (A/New Caledonia/20/99). The MDCK cell culture and virus infection were then monitored in a disposable perfusion bioreactor (AmProtein Current Perfusion Bioreactor) with proportional-integral-derivative control of pH, dissolved O(2) (DO), agitation, and temperature. During 6 days of culture, the total cell number increased from 2.0 × 10(9) to 3.2 × 10(10) cells. The maximum virus titers of 768 hemagglutinin units/100 μL and 7.8 × 10(7) 50 % tissue culture infectious doses/mL were obtained 3 days after infection. These results demonstrate that using a disposable perfusion bioreactor for large-scale cultivation of MDCK cells, which allows for the control of DO, pH, and other conditions, is a convenient and stable platform for industrial-scale production of influenza vaccines.
Nation Engineering Laboratory for AIDS Vaccine, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Applied microbiology and biotechnology
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A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed or attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
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