An Epidemiological Survey of Feline Hemoplasma Infection in Japan.
Summary of "An Epidemiological Survey of Feline Hemoplasma Infection in Japan."
Hemoplasma (hemotropic mycoplasma) often causes hemolytic anemia in infected cats, especially those with immune suppression. An updated nationwide epidemiological survey of feline hemoplasmosis was conducted in Japan. Blood samples were collected from 1,770 outdoor-accessing cats from March to October 2008. The infections were molecularly detected by PCR analyses, which are able to distinguish Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf), 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' (CMhm), and 'Candidatus M. turicensis' (CMt) infections. Of the 1,770 cats, 468 cases (26.4%) revealed a single- or co-infection of feline hemoplasmas [Mhf alone, 42 cases (2.4%); CMhm alone, 280 cases (15.8%); CMt alone, 48 cases (2.7%); Mhf+CMhm, 28 cases (1.6%); Mhf+CMt, 6 cases (0.3%); CMhm+CMt, 50 cases (2.8%); Mhf+CMhm+CMt, 14 cases (0.8%)]. In addition, male gender, middle to old age, history of fight wounds, and feline immunodeficiency virus infection were shown to be risk factors for hemoplasma infection. Close attention must be paid to the acute onset of disease in feline practice because a prevalence of hemoplasma infection was detected even in clinically healthy cats.
Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
Only few large-scale epidemiological studies have examined the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Japan. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence and incid...
Our objective was to do an epidemiologic survey of patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) in comparison with those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in Japan.
Three hemoplasma species are recognized in domestic cats: Mycoplasma haemofelis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis'. We report the prevalence and hematological...
Hemotrophic mycoplasma (hemoplasma) infection in research sheep can confound experimental results and contribute to morbidity and mortality. Prevalence and clinicopathologic studies historically relie...
Bovine mastitis due to Mycoplasma californicum is often accompanied by huge economic losses, and the disease spreads very quickly. An appropriate molecular epidemiological analysis is needed to preven...
The aims of this study are: 1. Surveillance of the prevalence of HPV infection in ASCUS, AGCUS and SIL cases pooled from medical centers in Taiwan and analysis of the related epide...
The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information on the use of Pramipexole for long time of period in daily clinical settings in Japan.
The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information targeting patients who have both Parkinson's disease and renal dysfunction treated with Pramipexole in the daily cli...
The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information in Hypertensive patients treated with Micombi Tablets on the long term use in daily clinical settings in Japan.
The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information in Parkinson's Disease patients treated with Pramipexole without concomitant L-Dopa supplementation in the daily cli...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.
Common coronavirus infection of cats caused by the feline infectious peritonitis virus (CORONAVIRUS, FELINE). The disease is characterized by a long incubation period, fever, depression, loss of appetite, wasting, and progressive abdominal enlargement. Infection of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage appears to be essential in FIP pathogenesis.
A neoplastic disease of cats frequently associated with feline leukemia virus infection.
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).