An Epidemiological Survey of Feline Hemoplasma Infection in Japan.

01:05 EDT 31st July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An Epidemiological Survey of Feline Hemoplasma Infection in Japan."

Hemoplasma (hemotropic mycoplasma) often causes hemolytic anemia in infected cats, especially those with immune suppression. An updated nationwide epidemiological survey of feline hemoplasmosis was conducted in Japan. Blood samples were collected from 1,770 outdoor-accessing cats from March to October 2008. The infections were molecularly detected by PCR analyses, which are able to distinguish Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf), 'Candidatus M. haemominutum' (CMhm), and 'Candidatus M. turicensis' (CMt) infections. Of the 1,770 cats, 468 cases (26.4%) revealed a single- or co-infection of feline hemoplasmas [Mhf alone, 42 cases (2.4%); CMhm alone, 280 cases (15.8%); CMt alone, 48 cases (2.7%); Mhf+CMhm, 28 cases (1.6%); Mhf+CMt, 6 cases (0.3%); CMhm+CMt, 50 cases (2.8%); Mhf+CMhm+CMt, 14 cases (0.8%)]. In addition, male gender, middle to old age, history of fight wounds, and feline immunodeficiency virus infection were shown to be risk factors for hemoplasma infection. Close attention must be paid to the acute onset of disease in feline practice because a prevalence of hemoplasma infection was detected even in clinically healthy cats.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science
ISSN: 0916-7250
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [11216 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection with healthy subjects in Japan.

Only few large-scale epidemiological studies have examined the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Japan. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence and incid...

Hemoplasma prevalence and hematological abnormalities associated with infection in three different cat populations from Southern Brazil.

Three hemoplasma species are recognized in domestic cats: Mycoplasma haemofelis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis'. We report the prevalence and hematological...

Prevalence and diagnosis of hemotrophic Mycoplasma infection in research sheep and its effects on hematology variables and erythrocyte membrane fragility.

Hemotrophic mycoplasma (hemoplasma) infection in research sheep can confound experimental results and contribute to morbidity and mortality. Prevalence and clinicopathologic studies historically relie...

Geographic distribution and characteristics of genotype A hepatitis B virus infection in acute and chronic hepatitis B patients in Japan.

The prevalence of sexually transmitted acute infections of the genotype A hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been increasing in Japan. Genotype A HBV is associated with an increased risk of HBV progression t...

Evidence of feline panleukopenia infection in cats in India.

The samples collected from cats showing clinical signs suspected for feline panleukopenia infection were confirmed using various molecular techniques and virus isolation. The suspected samples were co...

Clinical Trials [2441 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Special Survey on PD Patients Treated Long-Term Use of Pramipexole

The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information on the use of Pramipexole for long time of period in daily clinical settings in Japan.

A Multi-Center Survey of HPV in Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) With Longitudinal Follow-Up of LSIL Cases

The aims of this study are: 1. Surveillance of the prevalence of HPV infection in ASCUS, AGCUS and SIL cases pooled from medical centers in Taiwan and analysis of the related epide...

Special Survey on PD Patients With Renal Dysfunction

The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information targeting patients who have both Parkinson's disease and renal dysfunction treated with Pramipexole in the daily cli...

Post-Marketing Surveillance of Micombi Tablets Survey on the Long-term Use

The survey is conducted to collect safety and effectiveness information in Hypertensive patients treated with Micombi Tablets on the long term use in daily clinical settings in Japan.

Survey of Prevalence of Loss of Appetite in Subject With Health Disorders

The study is an epidemiological survey to find out the incidence of loss of appetite in Indian patients suffering from various health disorders. This survey will be conducted to obtain inf...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.

Common coronavirus infection of cats caused by the feline infectious peritonitis virus (CORONAVIRUS, FELINE). The disease is characterized by a long incubation period, fever, depression, loss of appetite, wasting, and progressive abdominal enlargement. Infection of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage appears to be essential in FIP pathogenesis.

A neoplastic disease of cats frequently associated with feline leukemia virus infection.

A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.

Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Infectious-diseases
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...

Blood
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Nutrition
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article