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de Ville de Goyet J, Lo Zupone C, Grimaldi C, D'Ambrosio G, Candusso M, Torre G, Monti L. Meso-Rex bypass as an alternative technique for portal vein reconstruction at or after liver transplantation in children: Review and perspectives. Abstract: Direct portal revascularization can be achieved by interposing a vascular graft between the SMV and the Rex recessus (left portal vein system): the MRB. To review indications and results of the procedure in the setting of pediatric liver transplantation, reports were selected from the English literature. Previously reported series were updated to analyze long-term outcome. A new series was added and analyzed as a complementary set of cases. A total of 51 cases were analyzed. With a 96% overall patient survival rate and a 100% long-term patency rate when the IJV is used for the bypass, MRB achieves a very successful physiologic cure of chronic portal hypertension and restores the portal flow into and through the liver graft. It also has been used successfully for primary revascularization of liver grafts, as well as for managing early acute portal vein thrombosis episodes. The use of this procedure in conjunction with other strategies and techniques might be of interest for transplant surgeons, particularly those caring for children.
Liver Unit, Department of Pediatric Surgery and Transplantation Centre, Roma Hepatobiliopancreatic Radiology Unit, Department of Imaging, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Roma, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric transplantation
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A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
Veins which return blood from the intestines; the inferior mesenteric vein empties into the splenic vein, the superior mesenteric vein joins the splenic vein to form the portal vein.
A type of surgical portasystemic shunt to reduce portal hypertension with associated complications of esophageal varices and ascites. It is performed percutaneously through the jugular vein and involves the creation of an intrahepatic shunt between the hepatic vein and portal vein. The channel is maintained by a metallic stent. The procedure can be performed in patients who have failed sclerotherapy and is an additional option to the surgical techniques of portocaval, mesocaval, and splenorenal shunts. It takes one to three hours to perform. (JAMA 1995;273(23):1824-30)
Anastomosis of splenic vein to renal vein to relieve portal hypertension.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...