The role of time preference in smoking cessation: a longitudinal analysis of data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia survey, 2001-08.
Summary of "The role of time preference in smoking cessation: a longitudinal analysis of data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia survey, 2001-08."
Time preference describes how consideration of future events may affect present-day behavioural decisions. The aim was to establish whether time preference predicts smoking cessation in a longitudinal analysis.
Secondary analysis of data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia survey.
Members of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia survey panel, aged 15-64 years, who responded to at least four waves of data collection between 2001 and 2008, and reported any level of tobacco consumption at any wave.
Smoking cessation was measured using a self-report questionnaire. Time preference was measured using self-reported time-period for financial planning. A range of socio-demographic and smoking-related covariates were controlled for.
A total of 1817 individuals were included in the analysis, representing 7913 separate observations. After controlling for socio-demographic and smoking-related covariates, the hazard ratio of quitting in those with longer versus shorter-term time preference (95% confidence intervals) = 1.28 (1.02-1.59).
Adult smokers with a longer-term time preference, who are more likely to consider future events when making present-day decisions, are more likely to quit smoking.
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Addiction (Abingdon, England)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22947014
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03997.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Tobacco Use Cessation
Cessation of the habit of using tobacco products for smoking or chewing, including the use of snuff.
Signal and data processing method that uses decomposition of wavelets to approximate, estimate, or compress signals with finite time and frequency domains. It represents a signal or data in terms of a fast decaying wavelet series from the original prototype wavelet, called the mother wavelet. This mathematical algorithm has been adopted widely in biomedical disciplines for data and signal processing in noise removal and audio/image compression (e.g., EEG and MRI).
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Computer Storage Devices
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
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