The impact of child-rearing status on perceptual and behavioural predictors of ambulatory blood pressure variation among working women.
Summary of "The impact of child-rearing status on perceptual and behavioural predictors of ambulatory blood pressure variation among working women."
Background: Past studies have shown that diurnal blood pressure varies between working women with and without children. Understanding of how perceptual and behavioural factors affect this relationship is limited. Aim: The study aim was to evaluate whether perceptions and behaviours differentially influenced ambulatory blood pressure variation across changing daily environments between working women with and without children. Subjects and methods: Women (83 with children, 157 without) working as secretaries or technicians were studied. Anthropometric, demographic, questionnaire and ambulatory blood pressure data were collected. Principal component analysis was utilized to create perceptual and behavioural factors from questionnaire items. Sequential stepwise regression and MANCOVA analyses were used to model blood pressure variation. Results: Diurnal levels and variation in ambulatory blood pressures were similar between women with and without children. Those with children were older, shorter, heavier; more ethnically diverse, had a smaller social support network, perceived less stress and difficulty on the job and reported a better balance between work and home responsibilities then women without children (all significant at p < 0.05). Perceptual and behavioural predictors of work, home and sleep blood pressures differed between the groups. Conclusion: There are significant differences in biological and behavioural predictors of ambulatory blood pressure between women with and without children.
Department of Anthropology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of human biology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22946469
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/03014460.2012.717637
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Sickness Impact Profile
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
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