Gastrointestinal disorders and dabigatran.
Summary of "Gastrointestinal disorders and dabigatran."
Abstract Anticoagulants play an important role in the prevention and treatment of a variety of acute and chronic thromboembolic disorders such as primary prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism or prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in atrial fibrillation just to name of few. Within recent years, a promising new oral anticoagulant, the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) successfully underwent clinical development and has emerged as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists according to a variety of recently revised and updated international guidelines referring to the indication of stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation. Considering the intensive clinical use of vitamin K antagonists in the mentioned indication as well as the widespread and increasing therapeutic need on one hand and the likely availability of a more efficacious alternative with fewer limitations in clinical practice on the other, there is good reason to assume that the use of dabigatran may be broad within the general medical community in the near future. Based on what is currently published in the public domain and clinical trial data it is suggested that dabigatran etexilate is associated with higher rates of dyspeptic symptoms compared to warfarin. Therefore, it is the authors' intent to review and discuss this potential dyspeptic side effect profile of dabigatran and potential counter measures from a gastroenterologist's perspective.
I Med Clinic, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz , Mainz , Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22958146
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365521.2012.706825
To determine the real world risk of gastrointestinal bleeding associated with the use of the novel oral anticoagulants dabigatran and rivaroxaban compared with warfarin.
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To determine the real world safety of dabigatran or rivaroxaban compared with warfarin in terms of gastrointestinal bleeding.
The purposes of this study are: 1. To evaluate the long-term safety of dabigatran etexilate 2. To assess the effect of a knowledge translation intervention on patient outcomes
To investigate the relative bioavailability of dabigatran etexilate as pellets on food and of dabigatran etexilate as granules resolved in reconstitution solution, each with dabigatran ete...
To assess whether two doses of dabigatran etexilate (110 mg b.i.d and 150 mg b.i.d) as compared to UFH, both in addition to a standard dual antiplatelet regimen, provide sufficient anticoa...
The primary objective of this trial is to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of dabigatran etexilate in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation for the prevention of stroke and sys...
Four periods of oral dosing following overnight fasting (1. known metabolic probe drug cocktail consisting of caffeine, diclofenac, esomeprazole, metoprolol, midazolam; 2. dabigatran + coc...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Abnormally low potassium concentration in the blood. It may result from potassium loss by renal secretion or by the gastrointestinal route, as by vomiting or diarrhea. It may be manifested clinically by neuromuscular disorders ranging from weakness to paralysis, by electrocardiographic abnormalities (depression of the T wave and elevation of the U wave), by renal disease, and by gastrointestinal disorders. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.
Proposed spasmolytic with possible local anesthetic action used in gastrointestinal disorders.
A muscarinic antagonist used as an antispasmodic, in some disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, and to reduce salivation with some anesthetics.
Cell surface proteins that bind gastrointestinal hormones with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Most gastrointestinal hormones also act as neurotransmitters so these receptors are also present in the central and peripheral nervous systems.