Glomalin: an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal soil protein.
Summary of "Glomalin: an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal soil protein."
Glomalin is abundant in soils and is closely correlated with aggregate water stability. Glomalin contains carbon and, hence, constitutes a non-trivial portion of the terrestrial carbon pool. Possibly far more importantly, however, stabilization of aggregates amplifies the role of glomalin in soils because carbonaceous compounds are protected from degradation inside of aggregates. Increased atmospheric CO(2) can lead to increased production of glomalin because of the symbiotic association that exists between plants and producers of glomalin, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Glomalin concentrations in soils are influenced by management practices, for example, in agroecosystems, further highlighting the role of this protein in carbon storage. Glomalin is an unusual molecule that has proven difficult to analyze biochemically due to its recalcitrance and complexity. Future research will be directed towards the elucidation of its structure and controls on its production.
Department of Botany, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilapsur, 495 009, Chhattisgarh, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22990749
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-012-0453-z
Plant-mycorrhizal fungal interactions are ubiquitous in forest ecosystems. While ectomycorrhizal plants and their fungi generally dominate temperate forests, arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis is common...
Mycorrhiza, a mutualistic association between fungi and higher plants, has been documented extensively, but much less is known about the development of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and their effe...
Soil contains more carbon than the atmosphere and vegetation combined. Understanding the mechanisms controlling the accumulation and stability of soil carbon is critical to predicting the Earth's futu...
The world's fourth largest food crop, potato, originates in the Andes. Here, the community composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) associated with potato in Andean ecosystems is described fo...
Genome duplication and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis are ubiquitous in angiosperms. While the significance of each of these phenomena separately has been intensively studied, their interaction...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between fungal biomarker levels during anti-fungal therapy and the success of treatment for fugal infection
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of FST-201 compared to vehicle in the treatment of acute fungal otitis externa. This trial is designed to enable filing of a New Dru...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of 2 drugs (AmBisome versus voriconazole) in treating fungal infections. Immunocompromised patients, especially those...
A randomized, open label parallel controlled, multicenter study to evaluate safety and efficacy of Posaconazole oral suspension vs Fluconazole (capsule) in high-risk leukopenic patients f...
To compare the efficacy of fluconazole versus placebo in preventing the development of active coccidioidomycosis and other systemic fungal infections among HIV-infected patients with CD4 l...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
A mitosporic fungal genus occurring in soil or decaying plant matter. It is structurally similar to Penicillium.
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
A phylum of fungi that are mutualistic symbionts and form ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAE with PLANT ROOTS.
A genus of plant viruses that infects ANGIOSPERMS. Transmission occurs mechanically and through soil, with one species transmitted via a fungal vector. The type species is Tomato bushy stunt virus.