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Introduction: Initially studied for its central role in the pathogenesis of chronic diabetic complications, aldose reductase (ALR2) gains more attention over the years as its implication in inflammatory diseases is being established, along with the therapeutic potential of its inhibitors. Areas covered: Reviewing the patents that were published since 2006, it is getting clear that the search for new chemical entities has subsided, giving rise to natural products and plant extracts with ALR2 inhibitory activity. Other aspects that were prominent were the search for proper forms of known inhibitors, in a way to improve their impaired physicochemical profile, as well as potential combination therapies with other compounds of pharmaceutical interest. On the spotlight were patents enhancing the therapeutic usage of aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs) to various pathological conditions including cancer and inflammation-mediated diseases such as sepsis, asthma, and cancer. Expert opinion: Although new chemical entities are scarcely registered and patented after many years of inconclusive clinical trials, the involvement of ALR2 to inflammatory pathologies might renew the interest in the field of ARIs.
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , 54124 Thessaloniki , Greece email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on therapeutic patents
Aldose reductase (ALR2) has been the target of therapeutic intervention for over 40 years; first, for its role in long-term diabetic complications and more recently as a key mediator in inflammation a...
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An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the oxidation of an aldose to an alditol. It possesses broad specificity for many aldoses. EC 184.108.40.206.
A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).
Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.
Drugs that inhibit 3-OXO-5-ALPHA-STEROID 4-DEHYDROGENASE. They are commonly used to reduce the production of DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE.
A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.
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