Compartment syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass.
Summary of "Compartment syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass."
Compartment syndrome of the lower leg is an occasional complication of prolonged ischemia and reperfusion. We present a patient with compartment syndrome of the ipsilateral thigh after femoral arterial and venous cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass.
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anales de pediatria (Barcelona, Spain : 2003)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20685185
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2010.05.018
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-pump
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Condition of low SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE that develops secondary to other conditions such as ANAPHYLAXIS; SEPSIS; SURGICAL SHOCK; and SEPTIC SHOCK. Vasoplegia that develops during or post surgery (e.g., CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS) is called postoperative vasoplegic syndrome or vasoplegic syndrome.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Reduction of blood viscosity usually by the addition of cell free solutions. Used clinically (1) in states of impaired microcirculation, (2) for replacement of intraoperative blood loss without homologous blood transfusion, and (3) in cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia.
Anterior Compartment Syndrome
Rapid swelling, increased tension, pain, and ischemic necrosis of the muscles of the anterior tibial compartment of the leg, often following excessive PHYSICAL EXERTION.
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