Psychometric Evaluation of the Rasch-Based Depression Screening in Patients With Neurologic Disorders.
Summary of "Psychometric Evaluation of the Rasch-Based Depression Screening in Patients With Neurologic Disorders."
Forkmann T, Norra C, Wirtz M, Gauggel S, Boecker M. Psychometric evaluation of the Rasch-based depression screening in patients with neurologic disorders.
To provide a first evaluation of the Rasch-Based Depression Screening (DESC) in consecutive patients with neurologic disorders.
Hospital specializing in neurologic disorders.
Eligible patients (N=323; mean age +/- SD, 53.4+/-17.2y; 49.3% women) age 18 years and older.
Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME
DESC with 2 parallel versions.
Both versions of the DESC showed good item separation (DESC-I=4.96; DESC-II=4.94) and person separation (DESC-I=2.01; DESC-II=2.14) as well as item separation reliability (DESC-I=.96; DESC-II=.96) and person separation reliability (DESC-I=.80; DESC-II=.82). All items fit the Rasch model (infit and outfit mean squares =1.3). There were no signs of violation of unidimensionality. One item of DESC-I showed differential item functioning because of age and 1 item because of sex. Parallel test reliability of the 2 DESC forms was r equal to .92.
The DESC shows good psychometric characteristics that suggest high psychometric quality of the instrument in patients with neurologic disorders. Differential item functioning on single items needs further examination but should not substantially interfere with the valid interpretation of DESC sum scores.
Institute of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University Hospital of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20684899
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2010.04.021
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to standardize the clock drawing test (CDT) for people with stroke using Rasch analysis. [Subjects and Methods] Seventeen items of the CDT identified through a lite...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is frequently associated with depression. Yet there are few clinical trials on treating depression in MS and no agreed recommendations for its assessment and follow-up. We pres...
This paper illustrates a sequential item development process to create a new self-report instrument of depression refined with Rasch analysis from a larger pool of potential diagnostic items elicited...
In the present study we analyzed the psychometric characteristics of the MoCA (Portuguese version) using the Rasch model for dichotomous items. The total sample comprised of 897 participants distribut...
Objective: To review the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) as a self-report measure of depression in a variety of settings and populations. Methods: Relevant studies...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors find depression in patients with lung cancer, allow doctors to recommend treatment for depression, and improve the patient's quality of life....
Depression is common in primary care and general medical settings, but is often unrecognized and untreated by physicians working in those settings. The Patient Health Questionnaire for de...
Postpartum depression (PPD) is depression that occurs shortly after the mother delivers her baby. Mothers with postpartum depression may feel sad mood, low motivation or stress; some ma...
To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based strategy of routine population mass screening for depression with follow-up feedback and management in a primary care non-psychiatric set...
The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of postnatal depression screening by comparing the mental health outcome (at 6 months postpartum) of mothers under the E...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
A psychological test consisting of true/false items. It is used as a diagnostic screening or clinical assessment of adults who evidence problematic emotional and interpersonal symptoms or who are undergoing PSYCHOTHERAPY or a psychodiagnostic evaluation.
An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.