Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Forkmann T, Norra C, Wirtz M, Gauggel S, Boecker M. Psychometric evaluation of the Rasch-based depression screening in patients with neurologic disorders.
To provide a first evaluation of the Rasch-Based Depression Screening (DESC) in consecutive patients with neurologic disorders.
Hospital specializing in neurologic disorders.
Eligible patients (N=323; mean age +/- SD, 53.4+/-17.2y; 49.3% women) age 18 years and older.
Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME
DESC with 2 parallel versions.
Both versions of the DESC showed good item separation (DESC-I=4.96; DESC-II=4.94) and person separation (DESC-I=2.01; DESC-II=2.14) as well as item separation reliability (DESC-I=.96; DESC-II=.96) and person separation reliability (DESC-I=.80; DESC-II=.82). All items fit the Rasch model (infit and outfit mean squares =1.3). There were no signs of violation of unidimensionality. One item of DESC-I showed differential item functioning because of age and 1 item because of sex. Parallel test reliability of the 2 DESC forms was r equal to .92.
The DESC shows good psychometric characteristics that suggest high psychometric quality of the instrument in patients with neurologic disorders. Differential item functioning on single items needs further examination but should not substantially interfere with the valid interpretation of DESC sum scores.
Institute of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University Hospital of Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
The surfacing of thoughts and depressive affect associated with the prospect of death are prevalent among patients with advanced cancer. Because death cognitions and associated negative affect occur a...
The burden of depression in the United States is substantial. Evidence supports the benefits of screening for depression in all adults, including older patients and pregnant and postpartum women, when...
Screening for depression is recommended internationally. The World Health Organization's 5-item Well-being Index (WHO-5) is used clinically to screen for depression but its empirical suitability for t...
The Claim Evaluation Tools database contains multiple-choice items for measuring people's ability to apply the key concepts they need to know to be able to assess treatment claims. We assessed items f...
Depression among university students must be screened with valid instruments. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is reliable and valid for screening depression in a university context; however, ...
Substance use disorders (SUDs) and depression in HIV-infected patients result in poor HIV outcomes, yet are often unrecognized and untreated. To address these problems, this study examines...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors find depression in patients with lung cancer, allow doctors to recommend treatment for depression, and improve the patient's quality of life. ...
The purpose of this study is to make a standardized and scalable Rasch-built clinical severity scale to help in finding genetic and environmental modifiers of disease in Facioscapulohumera...
Quantitative, validated tools of depression screening will be used to collect data to determine the prevalence of depression and its association with antiretroviral (ARV) adherence amongst...
This study assessed the potential of Health Information Technology (HIT) to improve the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of depression and post-traumatic stress among LEP Southeast Asia...
An internationally recognized set of published rules used for evaluation of cancer treatment that define when tumors found in cancer patients improve, worsen, or remain stable during treatment. These criteria are based specifically on the response of the tumor(s) to treatment, and not on the overall health status of the patient resulting from treatment.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
A subjective psychometric response scale used to measure distinct behavioral or physiological phenomena based on linear numerical gradient or yes/no alternatives.
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
Depression is a serious mental health condition, where sad feelings carry on for weeks or months and interfere with your life. The symptoms include feeling unhappy most of the time (but may feel a little better in the evenings), loosing interest in lif...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...