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Abstract Background. Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) is a new modality that was reported to be effective in treatment of acne scars. Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness and the safety of this laser in treatment of acne scars. Patients and methods. This case series, descriptive and comparative study was conducted in Al-Najaf Teaching Hospital of Kufa Medical College, Iraq from October 2010 to October 2011. A total of 16 patients having mild to moderate facial acne scars were enrolled; 10 of them completed the study. All patients had Fitzpatrick skin type III. They were divided into two groups A and B and were treated with two different energy fluences: 5 J/cm2 for group (A) and 15 J/cm2 for group (B). Five treatment sessions with 2-week intervals were done for all patients and were followed up for 6 months. The improvement was evaluated by objective and subjective methods. Results. Changes in acne scores in both groups were statistically insignificant after 6 months follow-up. Only two patients were satisfied with the improvement after treatment- one patient from each group. No serious side effects were reported. Conclusion. Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) can be used in treating atrophic facial scars of acne vulgaris.
College of Medicine, University of Kufa , Al-Najaf , Iraq.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cosmetic and laser therapy : official publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
There is no gold standard treatment for facial acne scars, and overall, little literature exists about the combination therapy for treatment of acne scar.
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Open-label, prospective study. Up to 60 healthy adult volunteers seeking facial acne scars treatment, males or females of 18 to 75 years of age, from up to 3 investigational sites.
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A topical dermatologic agent that is used in the treatment of ACNE VULGARIS and several other skin diseases. The drug has teratogenic and other adverse effects.
The mechanical planing of the SKIN with sand paper, emery paper, or wire brushes, to promote reepithelialization and smoothing of skin disfigured by ACNE scars or dermal NEVI.
Neodymium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Nd, atomic number 60, and atomic weight 144.24, and is used in industrial applications.
An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).
A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
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