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Elderly ESRD patients often lose functionality when they start dialysis, which may be due to a variety of clinical problems. We recently postulated that intensive (longer and/or more frequent) hemodialysis (HD) may be the ideal strategy to try to prevent these ESRD- and dialysis-related complications, including dialysis-induced hypotension, cardiac and cerebral events, malnutrition, infections, sleep problems, and psychological issues. The feasibility of home dialysis therapies has been demonstrated in observational studies. As self-care dialysis is often a challenge in the elderly patient, assisted intensive home HD may facilitate the long-term continuation of this modality. Intensive nursing home HD seems to be an attractive goal for the future because many elderly ESRD patients reside in an extended care facility. Combination with rehabilitation and support by social worker and psychologist remains crucial in the holistic approach toward the elderly ESRD patient. Further studies are required to test the potential protective effects of intensive HD on functionality and quality of life in elderly ESRD patients, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying frailty and other geriatric syndromes in this highly vulnerable patient population.
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands Renal Research Institute, New York, New York Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cliniques Universitaires Saint
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Seminars in dialysis
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Nursing care of the aged patient given in the home, the hospital, or special institutions such as nursing homes, psychiatric institutions, etc.
Nursing care given to an individual in the home. The care may be provided by a family member or a friend. Home nursing as care by a non-professional is differentiated from HOME CARE SERVICES provided by professionals: visiting nurse, home health agencies, hospital, or other organized community group.
Long-term maintenance hemodialysis in the home.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.