Change in Bilirubin Level Following Acute Myocardial Infarction Is an Index for Heme Oxygenase Activation.
Summary of "Change in Bilirubin Level Following Acute Myocardial Infarction Is an Index for Heme Oxygenase Activation."
: Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is rapidly induced by stress, degrading pro-oxidant heme into carbon monoxide, bilirubin, and free iron (Fe). Induction of HO-1 is an important defense mechanism against tissue injury. Here, we tested the hypothesis that HO-1 is activated in the myocardium after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in humans.
: Changes in the HO-1 activity after AMI were analyzed by measuring serum levels of bilirubin and Fe. Blood samples were collected in patients with AMI (n = 41) serially after the interventional therapy and compared with non-AMI subjects (n = 18). HO-1 protein levels were measured in a sample of AMI patients (n = 12).
: In AMI patients, but not in non-AMI subjects, serum levels of bilirubin (1.57 fold, P < 0.001) and Fe (1.35 fold, P < 0.01) were transiently elevated, both levels peaking 18-21 hours after the start of sampling. The peak changes in the levels of bilirubin and Fe in AMI patients were significantly correlated with each other. Furthermore, the serum HO-1 protein level was elevated, and its change was significantly correlated with the change in bilirubin level (r = 0.82, P < 0.005). Those with a high bilirubin response (peak levels >0.5 mg/dL) had richer collateral flow into the ischemic myocardium.
: These results suggest that heme oxygenase (HO) was activated following AMI, and it was detectable in the serum. Our data provide the first evidence of HO-1 induction following stress in humans. The change in bilirubin level may be a novel index for high collateral flow formation following AMI.
From the Departments of Cardiovascular Physiology and Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine, Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; and Department of Cardiology, Hiroshima City Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Southern medical journal
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20689484
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SMJ.0b013e3181eac06a
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode but that does not usually result in MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Inferior Wall Myocardial Infarction
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.
Inborn errors of bilirubin metabolism resulting in excessive amounts of bilirubin in the circulating blood, either because of increased bilirubin production or because of delayed clearance of bilirubin from the blood.
Nitric Oxide Donors
A diverse group of agents, with unique chemical structures and biochemical requirements, which generate NITRIC OXIDE. These compounds have been used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and the management of acute myocardial infarction, acute and chronic congestive heart failure, and surgical control of blood pressure. (Adv Pharmacol 1995;34:361-81)
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