The role of orthography and phonology in English: An ERP study on first and second language reading aloud.

Summary of "The role of orthography and phonology in English: An ERP study on first and second language reading aloud."

This study investigated the role of orthographic and phonological information in reading aloud. Dutch-English bilinguals (L2) and native English (L1) participants read aloud English words. The contribution of orthographic and phonological activation was distinguished with prime manipulation. Phonological overlap, but not orthographic overlap, facilitated the response latencies for both English L1 and L2 speakers. In contrast, event-related brain potentials also revealed orthographic priming for both groups. Altogether, the present results demonstrate that late L2 speakers exhibit a Masked Onset Priming Effect similar to that of native speakers. In addition, the ERP results revealed that orthographic information is activated earlier during reading, but is not detectable anymore at the behavioral response level when the task is reading aloud.


Leiden University, Leiden University Centre for Linguistics (LUCL), The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain research
ISSN: 1872-6240
Pages: 39-53


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