Aerosolized Colistin for the Treatment of Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Pneumonia: Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northern Taiwan.
Summary of "Aerosolized Colistin for the Treatment of Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Pneumonia: Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Northern Taiwan."
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii in critically ill patients presents an emerging challenge to clinicians. Administration of aerosolized colistin as an adjunctive therapy is one therapeutic option mentioned in limited evidence-based studies. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of adjunctive aerosolized colistin treatment for VAP due to MDR pathogens.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had received aerosolized colistin for treatment of VAP due to MDR A. baumannii in our hospital from August to December 2008.
Forty-five patients were enrolled in our study. The mean age was 71 +/- 15 years. The mean Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores on the day of intensive care unit admission and on the first day of aerosolized colistin administration were 22.5 +/- 6.7 and 18.9 +/- 5.7, respectively. The mean duration of intensive care unit stay was 34 +/- 16 days. The mean daily dosage of aerosolized colistin was 4.29 +/- 0.82 million IU, and the mean duration of administration was 10.29 days. Seventeen patients (37.8%) had a favorable microbiological outcome and 26 (57.8%) showed a clinical response. Mortality due to all causes was 42.2%. No adverse effects related to inhaled colistin were recorded.
Aerosolized colistin may be considered as an adjunct to intravenous treatments in patients with VAP due to colistin-susceptible MDR A. baumannii in critically ill patients.
Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20688293
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1684-1182(10)60050-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria, commonly found in the clinical laboratory, and frequently resistant to common antibiotics.
Cyclic polypeptide antibiotic from Bacillus colistinus. It is composed of Polymyxins E1 and E2 (or Colistins A, B, and C) which act as detergents on cell membranes. Colistin is less toxic than Polymyxin B, but otherwise similar; the methanesulfonate is used orally.
Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.
Pneumonia due to aspiration or inhalation of various oily or fatty substances.
Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
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