Post-tuberculous chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Summary of "Post-tuberculous chronic obstructive pulmonary disease."
Objective: To determine the frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a sequel of treated pulmonary tuberculosis. Study Design: A case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pulmonology, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from April to November 2007. Methodology: Forty seven adults, previously treated for pulmonary tuberculosis and presenting subsequently with chronic exertional dyspnoea for which no other alternate cause was found were included. Those having a probability of re-activated TB, having history of current or previous smoking or occupational exposure, asthmatics and cases of interstitial lung disease and ischemic heart disease were excluded. Pre- and post-dilator FVC, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC were recorded in each case through simple spirometry on Spirolab-II - MIR S/N 507213. Stage and pattern of COPD was recorded. Results: There were 76.5% (n=36) males. Mean age was 56.4 and 44.2 years in males and females respectively. Twenty six (55.3%) were found to have an obstructive ventilatory defect of different degrees: severe/stage III in 69.2% (n=18), moderate/stage II in 23.0 % (n=6) and mild/stage I in 5.9% (n=2). Fourteen (29.7%) were found to have a restrictive pattern and 7 (14.8%) revealed a mixed obstructive and restrictive pattern. Conclusion: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can occur as one of the chronic complications of pulmonary tuberculosis and the obstructive ventilatory defect appears more common among various pulmonary function derangements.
Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Multan Cantt.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20688021
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/08.2010/JCPSP.542544
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Pulmonary Heart Disease
Hypertrophy and dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart that is caused by PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. This condition is often associated with pulmonary parenchymal or vascular diseases, such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Plethysmography, Whole Body
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Objective: To assess the outcomes of a 6-month comprehensive multidisciplinary outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease according to age. De...
Case Pulmonary hypertension secondary to respiratory disease most often occurs as a complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which currently constitutes one of the leading causes of deat...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a common disorder in adults associated with several cardiovascular diseases and impaired quality of life. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is also a common cli...
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare nutritional status, pulmonary function, gender and marital status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pu...
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has emerged as a standard of care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, patient...
GSK233705 is a high-affinity specific muscarinic receptor (mAChR) antagonist which is being developed for once daily treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The long du...
The goal of the study is to look at how genes and certain chemicals in the body are related to depression and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition that is characterized by blockage of the airways due to inflammation. Levels of inflammatory proteins may be linked to when and...
The purpose of this study is to compare the exercise capacity and pulmonary function test parameters of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients who underwent usual care with...
Patients admitted to the hospital with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are evaluated with regard to early follow-up by a specialized nurse in the home after discharge.