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Reduction of Depressive Symptoms in an Elderly Mexican-American Female with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Single-Subject Study.

Summary of "Reduction of Depressive Symptoms in an Elderly Mexican-American Female with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Single-Subject Study."

The purpose of this study was to determine if occupation-based activities improve diabetes self-management and reduce depressive symptoms in an elderly Mexican-American woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There have been no known studies showing occupational therapy's role in self-care management of T2DM in people with depressive symptoms. The individual in this single-subject research was evaluated using glycosylated haemoglobin blood tests, four self-reported standardized questionnaires, participant reflective logs and clinical observations following an 8-week intervention. The participant improved on all measures, which were sustained 1 month after treatment ended. Clinical implications highlight a new role for occupational therapists providing early intervention in people with diabetes and depression for secondary prevention of complications of uncontrolled diabetes. Research suggestions include multiple single-subject studies showing occupational therapy contributions. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Affiliation

Former Associate Professor, Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA. emilyh@utep.edu.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Occupational therapy international
ISSN: 1557-0703
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)

Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.

Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.

Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.

Hallucinogenic alkaloid isolated from the flowering heads (peyote) of Lophophora (formerly Anhalonium) williamsii, a Mexican cactus used in Indian religious rites and as an experimental psychotomimetic. Among its cellular effects are agonist actions at some types of serotonin receptors. It has no accepted therapeutic uses although it is legal for religious use by members of the Native American Church.

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