Anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: experience from a tertiary care centre.
Summary of "Anal sphincter repair for fecal incontinence: experience from a tertiary care centre."
Structural anal sphincter damage may be secondary to obstetric anal sphincter injury, perineal trauma or anorectal surgery. We reviewed the spectrum of anal sphincter injuries and their outcomes in a tertiary care colorectal unit.
Data of patients who underwent anal sphincter repair between 2004 and 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Outcomes were compared with respect to etiology, type of repair, previous attempts at repair and manometry findings. Outcomes were defined as good or poor based on patient satisfaction as the primary criteria.
Thirty-four patients underwent anal sphincter repair. Twenty-two injuries were obstetric, eight traumatic, and four iatrogenic. All patients underwent overlap sphincteroplasty with six additional anterior levatorplasty and seven graciloplasty. Twenty-three (67.6%) patients had a good outcome while nine (26.4%) had a poor outcome. All patients who had augmentation anterior levatorplasty had a good outcome. Fifty percent of patients with a previous sphincter repair and 42.9% requiring augmentation graciloplasty had a poor outcome. Median resting and squeeze anal pressures increased from 57.5 to 70 cmH(2)O and 90.25 to 111 cmH(2)O in those with a good outcome.
Overlap sphincteroplasty has a good outcome in majority of the patients with incontinence due to a structural sphincter defect. Additional anterior levatorplasty may improve outcomes. Previous failed repairs or use of a gracilis muscle augmentation may have a worse outcome secondary to poor native sphincter muscle. Improvement in resting and squeeze pressures on anal manometry may be associated with a good outcome.
Department of Surgery Unit 5 (Colorectal Surgery), Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632 004, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20694541
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12664-010-0037-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Abnormal descent of a pelvic organ resulting in the protrusion of the organ beyond its normal anatomical confines. Symptoms often include vaginal discomfort, DYSPAREUNIA; URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE; and FECAL INCONTINENCE.
Failure of voluntary control of the anal sphincters, with involuntary passage of feces and flatus.
Circumscribed collections of suppurative material occurring in the spinal or intracranial EPIDURAL SPACE. The majority of epidural abscesses occur in the spinal canal and are associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a vertebral body; ANALGESIA, EPIDURAL; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include local and radicular pain, weakness, sensory loss, URINARY INCONTINENCE, and FECAL INCONTINENCE. Cranial epidural abscesses are usually associated with OSTEOMYELITIS of a cranial bone, SINUSITIS, or OTITIS MEDIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p710 and pp1240-1; J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Aug;65(2):209-12)
The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.
Anal Gland Neoplasms
Tumors or cancer of the anal gland.
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