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To provide an overview of issues central to hydration in an oncology population while highlighting recent advances and publications in the clinical and scientific literature. RECENT
Dehydration accounts for a significant number of unplanned visits to cancer clinics and emergency rooms. The decision to provide or withhold fluid in patients with terminal cancer is strongly influenced by subjective beliefs and the decision to use of hydration at the end of life should be individualized. Chronic dehydration may play a role in the pathogenesis of cancer.
Cancer patients are at high risk for dehydration from both the disease and the treatment. Treating physicians should have a low threshold for providing additional fluids to prevent dehydration. For patients at the end of life, hydration may be indicated in select patients.
Division of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in supportive and palliative care
Concerns about inadequate patient hydration and suboptimal monitoring of fluid balance have been documented in recent reports. The Fluid Balance Improvement Project at Central Manchester University Ho...
Blood levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured by enzyme immunoassay after overnight fasting in untreated breast cancer and endometrial cancer patients (N=170) of mainly postmenopa...
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The increasing prevalence of patients living with cancer in conjunction with the rapid progress in cancer therapy will lead to a growing number of patients with cance...
Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) devices are being used to determine ultrafiltration requirements to achieve target weight for haemodialysis (HD) patients. Pre-dialysis measurements are more...
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs with increased frequency in cancer patients, especially in patients who undergo surgery or chemotherapy. AF disturbs the prognosis of cancer patients and challenges the...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Hydration with a saline solution may protect kidney cells from the s...
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn whether being hydrated (given liquids) through a catheter in a vein or in the tissue under the skin can improve symptoms of dehydration...
This study evaluates the effect of early oral hydration on bowel movement after CS, it includes 2 groups: study group participants receive 100 ml water after 1hr from the end of CS, while ...
This is an observational study examining the workflow dynamics and training requirements that support effective use of subcutaneous hydration delivery (a newly FDA approved Baxter product)...
A pediatric study in collaboration with Boston Children's Hospital to review the performance of two novel hydration status measurement devices against standard clinical assessment methods,...
Institutions specializing in the care of cancer patients.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
Test for cell-mediated antitumor immunity and related serum blocking factors based on the finding that leukocytes from cancer patients, but not from controls, when mixed in vitro with antigenic extracts of tumors of the same histological type, undergo a diminution in their normal adherence to glass surfaces. Sera from tumor-bearing patients block the LAI reaction of their own leukocytes or those of other patients with the same type of tumor.
Nursing care provided cancer patients. It includes aspects of family functioning through education of both patient and family. The specialty of oncologic nursing focuses on cancer as a major health care problem.
Assistance in managing and monitoring drug therapy for patients receiving treatment for cancer or chronic conditions such as asthma and diabetes, consulting with patients and their families on the proper use of medication; conducting wellness and disease prevention programs to improve public health; overseeing medication use in a variety of settings.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...