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The Phyllobacterium brassicacearum STM196 strain stimulates Arabidopsis thaliana growth and antagonizes high nitrate inhibition of lateral root development. A previous study identified two STM196-responsive genes, NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 (Mantelin et al., 2006, Planta 223: 591-603). We investigated the role of NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 in the plant response to STM196 using single and double Arabidopsis mutants. The single mutants were also crossed with an nrt2.1 mutant, lacking the major nitrate root transporter, to distinguish the effects of NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 from potential indirect effects of nitrate pools. The nrt2.5 and nrt2.6 mutations abolished the plant growth and root system architecture responses to STM196. The determination of nitrate content revealed that NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 do not play an important role in nitrate distribution between plant organs. Conversely, NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 appeared to play a role in the plant response independent of nitrate uptake. Using a nitrate reductase mutant, it was confirmed that the NRT2.5/NRT2.6-dependent plant signalling pathway is independent of nitrate-dependent regulation of root development. Our findings demonstrate that NRT2.5 and NRT2.6, which are preferentially expressed in leaves, play an essential role in plant growth promotion by the rhizospheric bacterium STM196.
Laboratory of Tropical and Mediterranean Symbioses (UMR113, Université Montpellier 2, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Cirad Montpellier SupAgro, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique), Université Montpellier 2, CC002, Place E. Bata
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Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
A plant homeotic protein involved in the development of stamens and carpels of Arabidopsis thaliana. It is a DNA-binding protein that contains the MADS-box domain. It is one of the four founder proteins that structurally define the superfamily of MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS.
Genes that inhibit expression of the tumorigenic phenotype. They are normally involved in holding cellular growth in check. When tumor suppressor genes are inactivated or lost, a barrier to normal proliferation is removed and unregulated growth is possible.
Cellular DNA-binding proteins encoded by the c-fos genes (GENES, FOS). They are involved in growth-related transcriptional control. c-fos combines with c-jun (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-JUN) to form a c-fos/c-jun heterodimer (TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR AP-1) that binds to the TRE (TPA-responsive element) in promoters of certain genes.