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Zearalenone (ZEN) is a non-steroidal estrogen produced by many Fusarium species in cereals and other plants, and is frequently implicated in safety of foods and feeds. A ZEN-degrading microorganism has been isolated and identified as a Bacillus subtilis subspecies. It degraded 99% ZEN (1 mg kg(-1)) in liquid medium after 24 h and more than 95% of ZEN (0.25 mg kg(-1)) could be degraded after 48 h in a solid-state fermentation. This isolate can thus be used to decontaminate raw materials, like grains, to reduce the mycotoxin concentration.
Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biotechnology letters
This study was to investigate the effects of live or autoclaved Bacillus subtilis natto, their fermented products and media on rumen fermentation and rumen functional bacteria in vitro. Rumen fluid fr...
Bacillus subtilis BS2, which can produce tetramethylpyrazine (TTMP) from glucose, was engineered by knockout of the 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) dehydrogenase gene (bdhA) and then regulated through the add...
To identify alkyl hydroperoxide reductase subunit C (AhpC) homologs in Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) and to characterize their structural and biochemical properties. AhpC is responsible for the deto...
There is a lack of data for how the viability of biological agents may degrade over time in different environments. In this study, experiments were conducted to determine the persistence of Bacillus a...
In this work, molybdenum-99 loaded columns were challenged with Bacillus subtilis vegetative cells and Bacillus pumilus spores inside and outside the alumina column, and microbial recovery and radiati...
Aim: Evaluating the clinical effects of a Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus pumulus containing toothpaste, mouthwash and toothbrush cleaner versus a placebo in patients w...
Primary objective: - To demonstrate the efficacy of a Bacillus clausii probiotic strain compared to placebo in children suffering from acute diarrhoea and treated for 7 days. ...
To determine the effectiveness of the pre-biotic Bacillus clausii in preventing antibiotic associated diarrhea among hospitalized immunocompetent Filipino children.
To assess the effects of Bacillus clausii (Enterogermina®) on fecal microbial flora (using Polymerase Chain Reaction - Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis - PCR-DGGE - Method) in ant...
Primary: - To demonstrate the efficacy of Enterogermina® in reducing the duration of acute diarrhea in children Secondary: - To evaluate the safety of Enterogerm...
A family of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES isolated from Bacillus subtilis. EC 3.4.21.-
A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.
A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic isolated from culture filtrates of Bacillus subtilis that acts as an antifungal agent.
A serine endopeptidase isolated from Bacillus subtilis. It hydrolyzes proteins with broad specificity for peptide bonds, and a preference for a large uncharged residue in P1. It also hydrolyzes peptide amides. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 18.104.22.168.
A complex of cyclic peptide antibiotics produced by the Tracy-I strain of Bacillus subtilis. The commercial preparation is a mixture of at least nine bacitracins with bacitracin A as the major constituent. It is used topically to treat open infections such as infected eczema and infected dermal ulcers. (From Goodman and Gilman, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p1140)
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...