Meiotic analysis of XX/XY and neo-XX/XY sex chromosomes in Phyllostomidae by cross-species chromosome painting revealing a common chromosome 15-XY rearrangement in Stenodermatinae.

05:47 EDT 2nd July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Meiotic analysis of XX/XY and neo-XX/XY sex chromosomes in Phyllostomidae by cross-species chromosome painting revealing a common chromosome 15-XY rearrangement in Stenodermatinae."

We analyzed the meiotic behavior of the sex chromosomes of the bats Glossophaga soricina (XX/XY), Artibeus cinereus and Uroderma magnirostrum (neo-XX/XY) using multicolor FISH. The X chromosome and pair 15 autosome probes are from Phyllostomus hastatus and the Y from Carollia brevicauda. On both species with the neo-XX/XY system, the autosome translocated to the sex chromosomes is the pair 15 in P. hastatus, a synapomorphy. The analysis of meiosis confirms that the X and Y have a pseudo-autosomal region, with a typical end-to-end pairing. The autosomal regions of the neo-XX/XY shows different levels of condensation when compared to the original XX/XY. The compound system presented a characteristic shape, as if it was a closed ring with a tail. The ring represents the non-paired segments of the X and Y and the small pairing region of the original sex chromosomes. The tail corresponds to the pairing of the 15 P. hastatus autosomal bivalent, which are translocated to the sex chromosomes. Probably the non-pairing is responsible for the meiotic silencing of these segments.

Affiliation

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Av Perimetral, sn. Campus do Guamá, Belém, Pará, 66075-900, Brazil.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chromosome research : an international journal on the molecular, supramolecular and evolutionary aspects of chromosome biology
ISSN: 1573-6849
Pages:

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