A new real-time and precision capnography for human respiration carbon dioxide concentration.
Summary of "A new real-time and precision capnography for human respiration carbon dioxide concentration."
This paper is a description of the designing of a new mainstream device to measure human respiration carbon dioxide concentration, based on non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) absorption technology. The device can be used to accurately monitor the cardiopulmonary status during anaesthesia and mechanical ventilation in real time. This new device can not only make up the error of real-time gas measurement of the side-stream device, but also make up the accuracy of the main-stream device. In the paper, four issues which can affect the measurement accuracy were considered: respiration gas flow, turbulence of the light source with all ranges of wavelength, temperature drift and signal noise. The experimental results showed that the device could produce a stable output signal and deviation of measurement accuracy could be achieved to within 4%.
School of Electronic Information Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20696739
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267659110380772
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Continuous recording of the carbon dioxide content of expired air.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 126.96.36.199.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
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