Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
In the present study, commercially available whey was used as a lactose source, and immobilized β-galactosidase and glucose isomerase were used to synthesize lactulose from whey lactose in the absence of fructose. Optimal reaction conditions, such as lactose concentration, temperature, ionic strength of the buffer, and ratio of immobilized enzymes, were determined to improve lactulose synthesis using immobilized enzymes. Lactulose synthesis using immobilized enzymes improved markedly after optimizing the reaction conditions. When the lactulose synthesis was carried out at 53.5°C using 20% (w/v) whey lactose, 12U/ml of immobilized β-galactosidase and 60U/ml of immobilized glucose isomerase in 100mM sodium phosphate buffer at pH 7.5, the lactulose concentration and specific productivity were 7.68g/l and 0.32mg/Uh, respectively. Additionally, when the immobilized enzymes were reused for lactulose synthesis, their catalytic activity was 57.1% after 7 repeated uses.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Carbohydrate research
Enzymatic hydrolysis of lactose has been shown to improve the efficiency and selectivity of membrane-based separations toward the recovery of bioactive oligosaccharides. Achieving maximum lactose hydr...
Ethanol production from whey powder was investigated by using free as well as alginate immobilized E. coli and E. coli expressing Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) in both shake flask and fermenter cultur...
The current work deals with understanding the fundamental aspects of intensified recovery of lactose from paneer (cottage cheese) whey using the anti-solvent induced sonocrystallization. Ultrasonic ho...
Beta-galactosidase (EC 184.108.40.206), a commercially important enzyme, catalyses the hydrolysis of β-1,3- and β-1,4-galactosyl bonds of polymer or oligosaccharidesas well as transglycosylation of β-gal...
Lactose accounts for about 75 and 85% of the solids in whey and deproteinized whey, respectively. Production of lactose is usually carried out by a process called crystallization. Several factors incl...
The purpose of this study is to assess that two β-galactosidase Producing Probiotic Strains help improve lactose digestion in subjects with lactose maldigestion.
When we age, we lose muscle. It is not exactly clear why this happens, but we do know that this muscle loss can increase health risks and lead to health problems. Lifting weights (i.e. per...
Does the consumption of various combinations of mono and disaccharides (lactose, sucrose and fructose) and protein isolates (whey or soy) result in altered substrate absorption, substrate ...
After resolution of the initial episode of hepatic encephalopathy (HE), lactulose is routinely continued indefinitely as maintenance therapy. Although widely used for this indication, la...
The aim of this study is to investigate potential protein synthesis effects of whey protein high in leucine compared to whey protein with normal leucin content in fragile elderly patients ...
The genetic unit consisting of three structural genes, an operator and a regulatory gene. The regulatory gene controls the synthesis of the three structural genes: BETA-GALACTOSIDASE and beta-galactoside permease (involved with the metabolism of lactose), and beta-thiogalactoside acetyltransferase.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the transfer of galactose from UDPgalactose to glucose, forming lactose. The enzyme is a complex of the enzyme N-ACETYLLACTOSAMINE SYNTHASE and alpha-lactalbumin; the latter protein is present in lactating mammary gland cells where it alters the usual specificity of the former to make lactose synthesis the preferred reaction. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 220.127.116.11.
The condition resulting from the absence or deficiency of LACTASE in the MUCOSA cells of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, and the inability to break down LACTOSE in milk for ABSORPTION. Bacterial fermentation of the unabsorbed lactose leads to symptoms that range from a mild indigestion (DYSPEPSIA) to severe DIARRHEA. Lactose intolerance may be an inborn error or acquired.
Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Bacterial repressor proteins that bind to the LAC OPERON and thereby prevent the synthesis of proteins involved in catabolism of LACTOSE. When lactose levels are high lac repressors undergo an allosteric change that causes their release from the DNA and the resumption of lac operon transcription.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...