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These two studies extended previous research on the use of verbal instructions and support technology for helping persons with mild or moderate Alzheimer's disease perform daily activities. Study I included seven participants who were to carry out one of two previously targeted activities (i.e., either coffee preparation or table setting). Study II included four participants who were to carry out two new activities (i.e., preparation of a fruit salad and of a vegetable salad). The effects of activity engagement on mood (i.e., indices of happiness) were assessed by recording the participants' behavior during the activity trials and parallel non-activity periods. The participants of Study I reached percentages of correct activity performance, which normally exceeded 85. Five of them also showed higher indices of happiness during the activity trials as opposed to the non-activity periods. Three of the participants of Study II reached high percentages of correct performance on both activities available. One of these participants also showed higher indices of happiness during the activity trials. The findings were discussed in relation to previous research outcomes and in terms of their practical implications for intervention programs.
University of Bari, Bari, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Research in developmental disabilities
Children increasingly are being seen in the emergency department for a concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A key aim of the ED visit is to provide discharge advice that can help parents...
Verbal instructions allow humans to acquire and implement complex novel rules in few seconds. A major question that remains elusive is how the brain represents this information prior to successful tas...
There is a long-held view that verbal short-term memory problems of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) might be due to a deficit in verbal rehearsal. However, the evidence is inconclusive...
Effective communication between physician and patient is essential to optimize care after discharge from the emergency department (ED). Written discharge care instructions (DCI) complement verbal inst...
Segmental stabilization exercise has been shown to be effective in the rehabilitation of low back pain (LBP). Due to the isometric nature of segmental stabilization exercise, manual thera...
Purpose: To assess the feasibility of using videos depicting people with DS to teach other adults with DS to perform healthy behaviors. Hypothesis: Videos of adults with DS performing hea...
To study the impact of providing specific verbal instructions in inpatients (and/or their relatives) undergoing colonoscopy on the quality of bowel preparation.
The purpose of this research is to look at how educational videos provided by doctors might affect patients knowledge, satisfaction, confidence, and anxiety with post-operative Mohs surger...
Researchers aimed to identify the effectiveness of three methods of patient education for behavioral therapy (BT), including verbal instructions combined with a leaflet on a structured tra...
Set of instructions about how to prepare food for eating using specific instructions.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to the field of radiology. The applications center mostly around x-ray or radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes but the technological applications of any radiation or radiologic procedure is within the scope of radiologic technology.
An office established to help Congress participate and plan for the consequences of uses of technology. It provided information on both the beneficial and adverse effects of technological applications. The Office of Technology Assessment closed on September 29, 1995.
The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.