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The aging population and an epidemic of heart failure have led to an increasing volume of noncardiac surgical procedures being performed in patients with heart failure. Knowledge pertaining to perioperative risk stratification and management among this diverse and complex cohort of patients has therefore become increasingly important. Most available data regarding the management of patients with heart disease undergoing noncardiac surgery is specific to patients with ischemic heart disease, and focuses on the prevention of ischemia and its subsequent complications. This review instead specifically explores the available data regarding the epidemiology and outcomes of the surgical patient with heart failure, with a focus on risk stratification and perioperative management.
Division of Cardiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Tufts Medical Center, Box 244, South Building, 800 Washington St., Boston, MA, 02111, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current heart failure reports
Clinical risk stratification has an important function in preoperative evaluation of patients at risk for cardiac events prior to non-cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to determine whether th...
When patients present to the emergency department with a complaint concerning for heart disease, this often becomes the primary focus of their evaluation. While patients with noncardiac causes of ches...
The Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) was incorporated into the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommendations for the preoperative evaluation of the cardiac patie...
Acute cerebral infarction is a major risk factor for postoperative neurologic complications in cardiac surgery. However, the outcomes associated with acute silent cerebral infarction (ASCI) have not b...
To better select for patients who most likely will benefit from cardiac surgery among those with infective endocarditis (IE), we aimed to identify preoperative markers associated with poor outcome aft...
Non-cardiac surgery is associated with significant cardiac morbidity and mortality. Volatile anesthetics have a cardioprotective effects which results in preservation of left ventricular f...
Postoperative delirium is an important problem in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery and associated with more complicated hospital course, increased hospital length of stay and tota...
Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) are a leading cause of serious complications and death following major noncardiac surgery. The heart biomarkers brain-type natriuretic peptide (B...
A preoperative electrocardiogram (ECG) is nearly routinely performed by anesthesiologists in elderly non-cardiac surgery patients as part of pre-anesthesia evaluation. However, the added v...
After cardiac surgery, many complications can arise, in particular at the cardiac and lung level and it is true especially as the patient is with comorbidity. A patient will be considered ...
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
A synthetic nondepolarizing blocking drug. The actions of gallamine triethiodide are similar to those of TUBOCURARINE, but this agent blocks the cardiac vagus and may cause sinus tachycardia and, occasionally, hypertension and increased cardiac output. It should be used cautiously in patients at risk from increased heart rate but may be preferred for patients with bradycardia. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p198)
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Devices which mechanically oxygenate venous blood extracorporeally. They are used in combination with one or more pumps for maintaining circulation during open heart surgery and for assisting the circulation in patients seriously ill with some cardiac and pulmonary disorders. (UMDNS, 1999)
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An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...