Arterial line for monitoring SpO(2) in patients with ischemic peripheries.
Summary of "Arterial line for monitoring SpO(2) in patients with ischemic peripheries."
Monitoring the oxygenation status of patients with poor peripheral perfusion or ischemic peripheries is challenging in view of unreliable or unrecordable pulse oximeter data. In this article we describe a very simple and innovative technique of using the arterial line for reliable recording of arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) in such patients. We conclude that the arterial line can be used as an extension of the artery and SpO(2) may be reliably measured using the arterial line in such patients as long as the blood in the arterial tubing is pulsatile and a good contact is ensured between the arterial tubing and the sensor of the pulse oximeter.
Department of Anaesthesiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, 576 104, Karnataka, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical monitoring and computing
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20635123
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10877-010-9245-1
Arterial stiffness is a common change associated with aging and can be evaluated by measuring pulse wave velocity (PWV) between sites in the arterial tree, with the stiffer artery having the higher PW...
High factor VIII levels and a risk factor of arterial ischemic stroke is controversial. Levels of factor VIII depend on ethnicity, age, and sex. This report included 24 Thai children with cryptogenic ...
Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) occurs in an estimated 17 to 93 per 100000 live births, yet the etiology is poorly understood. Although investigators have implicated hypoxia as a potential ca...
Air embolism is a preventable, often undiagnosed but potentially treatable cause of ischemic stroke with a high morbidity and mortality. It is usually iatrogenic ocurring especially in patients in ICU...
We employed non-invasive pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) to quantify cerebral blood flow (CBF) in infarcted and nearby neural regions in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and ...
The use of ultrasound is becoming widespread to guide the placement of arterial lines for both vascular access and regional anesthesia in the field of anesthesia. Arterial line placement ...
The purpose of this study was to compare the Continuous Non-invasive Arterial Pressure (CNAP) monitor with the gold standard of invasive arterial pressure monitoring.
Blood pressure cuffs (NIBP) are slowly replacing intra-arterial (IABP) measurement as the standard of care in the medical intensive care unit. There is little data to support this clinical...
The purpose of this randomized controlled study is to compare the effects of different new dialysis on-line monitoring devices on hemodynamic stability during intermittent hemodialysis in ...
The 2006 American Heart Association / American Stroke Association Council on Stroke Guidelines for Prevention of Stroke in Patients With Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic recommended t...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)
The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.
Blocking of a blood vessel by CHOLESTEROL-rich atheromatous deposits, generally occurring in the flow from a large artery to small arterial branches. It is also called arterial-arterial embolization or atheroembolism which may be spontaneous or iatrogenic. Patients with spontaneous atheroembolism often have painful, cyanotic digits of acute onset.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.