The Global HIV Epidemic: Current Status and Challenges.
Summary of "The Global HIV Epidemic: Current Status and Challenges."
Three decades after the first reported cases of AIDS we have within our reach sufficient evidence to substantially alter the HIV epidemic at a country level regardless of mode of transmission of HIV. There are a growing number of countries demonstrating control of the epidemic. Human rights violations and/or legislation relating to sexual orientation, status of minors, injecting drug use and sex work together with stigma and discrimination remain key barriers to knowledge of HIV status and access to appropriate services. The use of anti-retrovirals prophylactically to reduce sexual and vertical transmission and systemically to treat infected infants and adults is central to the optimism in responses to the epidemic. In the current fiscal climate careful thought needs to be given to how to efficiently optimise combinations of what is available to have the biggest impact in the context of limited human and infrastructure resources.
Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, Abdoolq2@ukzn.ac.za.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current HIV/AIDS reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23568544
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11904-013-0160-1
Obesity is at last being recognized as a major public health problem of global significance. More quality national obesity prevalence data are urgently needed but it is clear that rates are already hi...
For more than two decades mankind has been dreaming of a "polio-free world." However the dream is yet to be realized owing to various problems related to transmission of wild polio virus transmission...
Provides an introduction to a special section of Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. The purpose of this special section is to provide a discussion of the current status, lessons l...
To analyze the present epidemic status of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in Shandong Province of China, as compared with findings of survey for drug-resistant MTB in 1997, and therefo...
An understanding of epidemiological dynamics is important for prevention and control of epidemic outbreaks. However, previous studies tend to focus only on specific areas, indicating that application...
Metabolic syndrome, labeled as the world's latest epidemic, is the force behind the global epidemic of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardio Vascular Diseases. This emerging epidemic is an i...
Methamphetamine is a potent, highly addictive psychostimulant that produces psychomotor activation and euphoria (Ellinwood and Cohen 1971; Martin et al 1971). The abuse of MA is rapidly be...
Military personnel face intense physical and cognitive demands. Diminished iron status affects physiologic responses to these challenges. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies in...
This study attempts to test capillary responses to various challenges without the need for iontophoresis (electrical current).
The objective of this study is to evaluate under routine clinical setting the efficacy and remission status from treatment of 2nd-generation antipsychotic in patients who is upon acute epi...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the etiologic agent of epidemic typhus fever acquired through contact with lice (TYPHUS, EPIDEMIC LOUSE-BORNE) as well as Brill's disease.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Therapeutic introduction of ions of soluble salts into tissues by means of electric current. In medical literature it is commonly used to indicate the process of increasing the penetration of drugs into surface tissues by the application of electric current. It has nothing to do with ION EXCHANGE; AIR IONIZATION nor PHONOPHORESIS, none of which requires current.