Composted Oyster Shell as Lime Fertilizer Is More Effective Than Fresh Oyster Shell.

06:00 EDT 12th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Composted Oyster Shell as Lime Fertilizer Is More Effective Than Fresh Oyster Shell."

Physio-chemical changes in oyster shell were examined, and fresh and composted oyster shell meals were compared as lime fertilizers in soybean cultivation. Structural changes in oyster shell were observed by AFM and FE-SEM. We found that grains of the oyster shell surface became smoother and smaller over time. FT-IR analysis indicated the degradation of a chitin-like compound of oyster shell. In chemical analysis, pH (12.3+/-0.24), electrical conductivity (4.1+/-0.24 dS m(-1)), and alkaline powder (53.3+/-1.12%) were highest in commercial lime. Besides, pH was higher in composted oyster shell meal (9.9+/-0.53) than in fresh oyster shell meal (8.4+/-0.32). The highest organic matter (1.1+/-0.08%), NaCl (0.54+/-0.03%), and moisture (15.1+/-1.95%) contents were found in fresh oyster shell meal. A significant higher yield of soybean (1.33 t ha(-1)) was obtained by applying composted oyster shell meal (a 21% higher yield than with fresh oyster shell meal). Thus composting of oyster shell increases the utility of oyster shell as a liming material for crop cultivation.


Division of Plant Environmental Research, Gyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Service.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry
ISSN: 1347-6947


PubMed Articles [7766 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Process optimization for Ni(II) removal from wastewater by calcined oyster shell powders using Taguchi method.

Waste oyster shells cause great environmental concerns and nickel is a harmful heavy metal. Therefore, we applied the Taguchi method to take care of both issues by optimizing the controllable factors ...

Removal of arsenic from simulation wastewater using nano-iron/oyster shell composites.

In this paper, a nano-iron/oyster shell composite (NI/OS) was firstly prepared by an in-situ synthesis method to explore an efficient treatment technology for arsenic (As) contaminated wastewater. The...

Chitosan-Montmorillonite microspheres: A sustainable fertilizer delivery system.

Controlled release fertilizers are efficient tools that increase the sustainability of agricultural practices. However, the biodegradability of the matrices and the determination of the release into s...

Microarray: a global analysis of biomineralization-related gene expression profiles during larval development in the pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata.

The molluscan Pinctada fucata is an important pearl-culturing organism to study biomineralization mechanisms. Several biomineralization-related genes play important roles regulating shell formation, b...

Evaluation of Ice Slurries as a Control for Postharvest Growth of Vibrio spp. in Oysters and Potential for Filth Contamination.

Raw oyster consumption is the most common route of exposure for Vibrio spp. infections in humans. Vibriosis has been increasing steadily in the United States despite efforts to reduce the incidence of...

Clinical Trials [335 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Antihyperlipidemic Effects of Oyster Mushrooms

The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the short-term safety and potential efficacy of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus) for treatment of hyperlipidemia in HIV-infected patient...

Tritanium® Primary Acetabular Shell Study

This study will be a prospective, non-randomized evaluation of the Tritanium® Primary Acetabular Shell for primary total hip replacement (THR) with a cementless application in a consecuti...

Trident® Tritanium™ Acetabular Shell Revision Study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a hip implant system used when a previous hip replacement surgery has failed.

Evaluation of New Custom Made Hearing Product Technology and Shell Modification

The purpose of this evaluation is to receive the greatest benefit of new custom made hearing product technology and shell modification for the end customer and to continual improve the cus...

Total Hip Replacement With the Answer® Hip Stem and Ranawat/Burnstein® Shell Using Simplex® or Palacos® Bone Cement

The purpose of this study is to document the clinical outcomes of several devices used in total hip replacement, including the Answer® hip stem, the Ranawat/Burnstein® acetabular shell, ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).

Implants used to reconstruct and/or cosmetically enhance the female breast. They have an outer shell or envelope of silicone elastomer and are filled with either saline or silicone gel. The outer shell may be either smooth or textured.

A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, which includes the edible true oyster, Ostrea edulis.

Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.

Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)