Thermal Denaturation Profiles of Tuna Myoglobin.
Summary of "Thermal Denaturation Profiles of Tuna Myoglobin."
Myoglobin (Mb) purified from fast skeletal muscle of bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus orientalis was subjected to thermal treatment, and the denaturation profiles were examined by thermodynamic analysis. Based on the ellipticity or helical content obtained by circular dichroism (CD) spectrometry, it was found that denaturation of tuna Mb consisted of three steps, and that slight structural changes of Mb started below 20 degrees C. However, major structural changes were observed at around 58 and 72 degrees C. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis revealed a similar but somewhat different thermal denaturation profile of Mb. In comparison with the denaturing profiles of whale Mb under the same conditions, the thermal stability of tuna Mb was found to be much lower. In the modeled tertiary structures of these Mbs, they were roughly similar to each other, though minor conformational differences were recognized and the total energy was found to be lower for tuna Mb.
Department of Aquatic Bioscience, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Disruption of the secondary structure of nucleic acids by heat, extreme pH or chemical treatment. Double strand DNA is "melted" by dissociation of the non-covalent hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Denatured DNA appears to be a single-stranded flexible structure. The effects of denaturation on RNA are similar though less pronounced and largely reversible.
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In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.
Common name for various species of large, vigorous ocean fishes in the family Scombridae.