Kinetics of procalcitonin in cardiogenic shock and in septic shock. Preliminary data.
Summary of "Kinetics of procalcitonin in cardiogenic shock and in septic shock. Preliminary data."
Abstract Background: In cardiac acute patients, data on procalcitonin (PCT) are controversial and the clinical interpretation of absolute PCT values represents a major challenge since they may be influenced by several factors. No data are so far available on the dynamics of PCT levels in patients with cardiogenic shock. Aims: to evaluate the serum evolution of PCT during intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU) staying in a group of 24 patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) following ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) submitted to primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) with no laboratory or clinical sign of infection. Furthermore we assessed the kinetics of PCT in a series of 24 patients with septic shock. Results: In septic shock, no significant difference was detectable in PCT kinetics between survivors (R2 = 0.90; P = 0.051) and non-survivors (R2 = 0.63; P = 0.204). In cardiogenic shock, survivors exhibited a significant reduction in PCT values (R2 = 0.94; P = 0.032) while non survivors did not (R2 = 0.68; P = 0.178). Conclusions: differently from septic shock, cardiogenic shock following STEMI was associated with heterogeneous patterns of temporal PCT variations since only patients who survived exhibited a significant PCT reduction during ICCU stay. Our findings support the contention that the 'dynamic' approach may be more reliable that the static one especially in cardiogenic shock.
Intensive Cardiac Care Unit, Heart and Vessel Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acute cardiac care
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20698733
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/17482941.2010.498920
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Shock resulting from diminution of cardiac output in heart disease.
Hsp40 Heat-shock Proteins
A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.
Condition of low SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE that develops secondary to other conditions such as ANAPHYLAXIS; SEPSIS; SURGICAL SHOCK; and SEPTIC SHOCK. Vasoplegia that develops during or post surgery (e.g., CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS) is called postoperative vasoplegic syndrome or vasoplegic syndrome.
Shock produced as a result of trauma.
Hsp20 Heat-shock Proteins
A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that are closely related to ALPHA B-CRYSTALLIN. Hsp20 heat-shock proteins can undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by CYCLIC GMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
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