Wound Infection Following Stoma Takedown: Primary Skin Closure versus Subcuticular Purse-string Suture.
Summary of "Wound Infection Following Stoma Takedown: Primary Skin Closure versus Subcuticular Purse-string Suture."
Stoma closure has been associated with a high rate of surgical site infection (SSI) and the ideal stoma-site skin closure technique is still debated. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of SSI following primary skin closure (PC) versus a skin-approximating, subcuticular purse-string closure (APS).
All consecutive patients undergoing stoma closure between 2002 and 2007 by two surgeons at a single tertiary-care institution were retrospectively assessed. Patients who had a new stoma created at the same site or those without wound closure were excluded. The end point was SSI, determined according to current CDC guidelines, at the stoma closure site and/or the midline laparotomy incision.
There were 61 patients in the PC group (surgeon
58 of 61) and 17 in the APS group (surgeon
16 of 17). The two groups were similar in baseline and intraoperative characteristics, except that patients in the PC group were more often diagnosed with benign disease (p = 0.0156) and more often had a stapled anastomosis (p = 0.002). The overall SSI rate was 14 of 78 (18%). All SSIs occurred in the PC group (14 of 61 vs. 0 of 17, p = 0.03).
Our study suggests that a skin-approximating closure with a subcuticular purse-string of the stoma site leads to less SSI than a primary closure. Randomized studies are needed to confirm our findings and assess additional end points such as healing time, cost, and patient satisfaction.
Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, MMC 450, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20703459
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-010-0753-4
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Negative-pressure Wound Therapy
The application of a vacuum across the surface of a wound through a foam dressing cut to fit the wound. This removes wound exudates, reduces build-up of inflammatory mediators, and increases the flow of nutrients to the wound thus promoting healing.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.
Wound Closure Techniques
Methods to repair breaks in tissue caused by trauma or to close surgical incisions.
A group of acute infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 or type 2 that is characterized by the development of one or more small fluid-filled vesicles with a raised erythematous base on the skin or mucous membrane. It occurs as a primary infection or recurs due to a reactivation of a latent infection. (Dorland, 27th ed.)
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