Favorable outcomes with machine perfusion and longer pump times in kidney transplantation: a single-center, observational study.
Summary of "Favorable outcomes with machine perfusion and longer pump times in kidney transplantation: a single-center, observational study."
Hypothermic machine perfusion (MP) preservation is used for all deceased donor kidney transplants at our center. Kidneys are placed in cold storage at retrieval, then transferred to MP on arrival. Because a lack of consensus regarding optimal use of MP still exists, we evaluated the overall impact of using MP at our center and the prognostic value of MP (Pump) time.
We retrospectively analyzed 339 adult, primary deceased donor kidney transplant recipients who were pooled across three prospective, randomized immunosuppression trials (since 2000) at our center. In addition to providing overall results for delayed graft function (DGF) (requirement for dialysis in the first week), slow graft function (SGF), first biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), and graft failure, stepwise logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of pump time, particularly after controlling for other significant prognosticators.
Mean cold storage and pump times were 6.6 and 26.7 hr, consistent across immunosuppression protocols. Overall DGF and SGF rates were 4.4% (15/339) and 12.1% (41/339). DGF was equally low for pump time less than 24 vs. more than or equal to 24 hr, 5.2% (6/116) vs. 4.0% (9/223) (P=0.63), with similar results after adjusting for known DGF predictors. A significantly lower first BPAR rate was observed for longer pump time (as a continuous variable) among more immunologically active recipients (those having more risk factors: DGF, age <50 yr, and non-white) (univariable P=0.005; multivariable P=0.009), with an estimated hazard ratio of 0.43 (P=0.006) favoring pump time more than or equal to 24 hr among those with more than or equal to two risk factors. CONCLUSIONS.: In this single-center, observational study, MP with prolonged pump times was associated with low DGF/SGF and first BPAR rates, supporting continued use of MP.
Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20703178
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TP.0b013e3181f2c962
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Apparatus that provides mechanical circulatory support during open-heart surgery, by passing the heart to facilitate surgery on the organ. The basic function of the machine is to oxygenate the body's venous supply of blood and then pump it back into the arterial system. The machine also provides intracardiac suction, filtration, and temperature control. Some of the more important components of these machines include pumps, oxygenators, temperature regulators, and filters. (UMDNS, 1999)
A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.
Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the left ventricle, to pump blood; they consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors; the devices are used after myocardial infarction or to wean the repaired heart from the heart-lung machine after open-heart surgery.
A species of European freshwater LEECHES used for BLOODLETTING in ancient times and also for LEECHING in modern times.
A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)
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