The kinin-kallikrein system: physiological roles, pathophysiology and its relationship to cancer biomarkers.
Summary of "The kinin-kallikrein system: physiological roles, pathophysiology and its relationship to cancer biomarkers."
Abstract The kinin-kallikrein system (KKS) is an endogenous multiprotein cascade, the activation of which leads to triggering of the intrinsic coagulation pathway and enzymatic hydrolysis of kininogens with the consequent release of bradykinin-related peptides. This system plays a crucial role in inflammation, vasodilation, smooth muscle contraction, cardioprotection, vascular permeability, blood pressure control, coagulation and pain. In this review, we will outline the physiology and pathophysiology of the KKS and also highlight the association of this system with carcinogenesis and cancer progression.
Postgraduate Medical Institute, University of Hull , Hull , UK .
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23672534
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/1354750X.2013.787544
The kallikrein-kinin system has several direct and indirect effects on cells and cellular mediators involved in the inflammatory process. Studies about inflammation on percutaneous transluminal angiop...
The kallikrein kinin system has been suggested to participate in control of glucose metabolism. Its role and the role of angiotensin I converting enzyme, major kinin-inactivating enzyme, are however d...
To analyze the expression of kallikrein gene 10 (KLK10) in gastric cancer and to determine whether KLK10 has independent prognostic value in gastric cancer.
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of facial skin estimated to affect more than 16 million Americans. Although the pathogenesis of rosacea is not fully understood, recent evidence in vitro as...
Amyloid beta (A β ) is a peptide of 39-43 amino acids found in large amounts and forming deposits in the brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). For this reason, it has been implicate...
Urinary kallikrein excretion is known to increase in patients with nephrotic syndrome and sick cell disease, but decrease in patients with chronic kidney disease or uremia. Some of authors...
The tissue kallikrein-kinin (KKS) and renin-angiotension-aldosterone system (RAAS) had been implicated in regulating blood pressure and electrolyte homeostasis. Both of the KKS and RAAS ma...
To determine whether low total urinary kallikrein activity was prospectively associated with new hypertension onset or elevated blood pressures.
The purpose of this study is to determine the cause of low blood pressure in selective patients who have problems with their involuntary (autonomic) nervous system. These patients freque...
To test whether levels of OPG can be changed during orthodontic treatment. Alveolar bone samples will be collected from partially impacted third molars after orthodontic uprighting for dif...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A system of metabolic interactions by products produced in the distal nephron of the KIDNEY. These products include KALLIKREIN; KININS; KININASE I; KININASE II; and ENKEPHALINASE. This system participates in the control of renal functions. It interacts with the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN-ALDOSTERONE SYSTEM to regulate BLOOD PRESSURE, generation of PROSTAGLANDINS, release of VASOPRESSINS, and WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A plasma protein which is the precursor of kallikrein. Plasma that is deficient in prekallikrein has been found to be abnormal in thromboplastin formation, kinin generation, evolution of a permeability globulin, and plasmin formation. The absence of prekallikrein in plasma leads to Fletcher factor deficiency, a congenital disease.
A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
A mechanism of communication with a physiological system for homeostasis, adaptation, etc. Physiological feedback is mediated through extensive feedback mechanisms that use physiological cues as feedback loop signals to control other systems.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)