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Scleral buckling is a widely used surgical procedure that aims at repairing retinal detachments. Many materials and procedural techniques have been variously proposed and tested in an attempt to find the best combination for providing optimal results to the patient. This review highlights the evolution of scleral buckling implants and chronicles the main advances that have been made in such a context. Specifically, the limitations of the materials and implants fallen in disuse, as well as the advantages of currently adopted devices are critically examined and discussed. Future directions for the research are considered, underlining in particular the great potential carried by the development of accurate mathematical models for describing the postoperative evolution of buckled eye. These analytical models, supported by a comprehensive data set provided by advanced techniques of medical investigations, may become useful tools for helping surgeons to choose, and to design if necessary, the best buckling material and configuration to be used in each specific clinical case.
Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical engineering & physics
To compare scleral buckling (SB) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) using a wide angle viewing system (WAVS) for uncomplicated phakic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
To compare visual field loss and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects in cases of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) treated with scleral buckle (SB) versus pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and C3...
The preoperative use of intravitreal bevacizumab in Stage 4 or 5 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can reduce vascular endothelial growth factor load and bleeding risk; however, it can induce traction ...
A 60-year-old man with Stargardt's macular dystrophy and visual acuity of 20/400 in the right eye and 20/60 in the left eye underwent a subretinal injection of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cell...
Assess recovery of macula function after successful scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment by using the multifocal ERG in the postoperative period i.e. recovery of ...
The medical records of 16 eyes of 16 patients with macular hole retinal detachment or myopic traction maculopathy who received viterctomy including internal limiting membrane peeling and ...
A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effect of face-down posturing on retinal displacement and distortion following retinal detachment repair.
To investigate the feasibility and advantages of using pressurized perfluorocarbon liquid (PCL) perfusion to remove vitreous during suction-cutting 23 GA vitrectomy using a dual, dynamic d...
The purpose of this study is to test if denufosol will remove the fluid build-up in the eye so that the retina can be re-attached without invasive surgery.
An operation for retinal detachment which reduces the size of the globe by indenting the sclera so that it approximates the retina.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Mild to fulminant necrotizing vaso-occlusive retinitis associated with a high incidence of retinal detachment and poor vision outcome.
Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.