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Scleral buckling is a widely used surgical procedure that aims at repairing retinal detachments. Many materials and procedural techniques have been variously proposed and tested in an attempt to find the best combination for providing optimal results to the patient. This review highlights the evolution of scleral buckling implants and chronicles the main advances that have been made in such a context. Specifically, the limitations of the materials and implants fallen in disuse, as well as the advantages of currently adopted devices are critically examined and discussed. Future directions for the research are considered, underlining in particular the great potential carried by the development of accurate mathematical models for describing the postoperative evolution of buckled eye. These analytical models, supported by a comprehensive data set provided by advanced techniques of medical investigations, may become useful tools for helping surgeons to choose, and to design if necessary, the best buckling material and configuration to be used in each specific clinical case.
Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical engineering & physics
To assess the anatomical and functional outcomes in addition to complications for endoillumination-assisted modified scleral buckling surgery using a noncontact Oculus BIOM wide-angle viewing system i...
Retinal detachment is the separation of the sensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium by subretinal fluid. There are several types of retinal re-attachment surgery, including scleral buckling...
To investigate the regeneration of the cone outer segments in eyes after surgery for fovea-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with an adaptive optics (AO) fundus camera and to correlate these findi...
Assess recovery of macula function after successful scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment by using the multifocal ERG in the postoperative period i.e. recovery of ...
The medical records of 16 eyes of 16 patients with macular hole retinal detachment or myopic traction maculopathy who received viterctomy including internal limiting membrane peeling and ...
The investigators compared the incidence of trimming-induced retinal breaks, retinal redetachment rate, and final LogMAR BCVA; between scleral self-indentation and non-indentation during c...
Silicone oil has been used as a surgical tool in complicated retinal detachment surgery. There are some complications occurring in pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade. Silico...
Macular schisis associated with macular detachment is a one of the complications of high myopia. There is controversy in the primary treatment for this situation. This study will compare t...
An operation for retinal detachment which reduces the size of the globe by indenting the sclera so that it approximates the retina.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Mild to fulminant necrotizing vaso-occlusive retinitis associated with a high incidence of retinal detachment and poor vision outcome.
Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.