Scleral buckling biomaterials and implants for retinal detachment surgery.
Summary of "Scleral buckling biomaterials and implants for retinal detachment surgery."
Scleral buckling is a widely used surgical procedure that aims at repairing retinal detachments. Many materials and procedural techniques have been variously proposed and tested in an attempt to find the best combination for providing optimal results to the patient. This review highlights the evolution of scleral buckling implants and chronicles the main advances that have been made in such a context. Specifically, the limitations of the materials and implants fallen in disuse, as well as the advantages of currently adopted devices are critically examined and discussed. Future directions for the research are considered, underlining in particular the great potential carried by the development of accurate mathematical models for describing the postoperative evolution of buckled eye. These analytical models, supported by a comprehensive data set provided by advanced techniques of medical investigations, may become useful tools for helping surgeons to choose, and to design if necessary, the best buckling material and configuration to be used in each specific clinical case.
Materials Science and Chemical Engineering Department, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical engineering & physics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20702127
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2010.07.007
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An operation for retinal detachment which reduces the size of the globe by indenting the sclera so that it approximates the retina.
Separation of the inner layers of the retina (neural retina) from the pigment epithelium. Retinal detachment occurs more commonly in men than in women, in eyes with degenerative myopia, in aging and in aphakia. It may occur after an uncomplicated cataract extraction, but it is seen more often if vitreous humor has been lost during surgery. (Dorland, 27th ed; Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p310-12).
Specialized ophthalmic technique used in the surgical repair and or treatment of disorders that include retinal tears or detachment; MACULAR HOLES; hereditary retinal disease; AIDS-related retinal infections; ocular tumors; MACULAR DEGENERATION; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY; and UVEITIS.
Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute
Mild to fulminant necrotizing vaso-occlusive retinitis associated with a high incidence of retinal detachment and poor vision outcome.
Auditory Brain Stem Implants
Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.
The traditional nonabsorbable silicone buckling implant (buckle) may cause some long-term complications when it is used in the retinal detachment surgery. In this study we fabricated a chitosan-gelati...
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors associated with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 1 year after initial surgery following primary vitrectomy (PV) and scleral buckling surgery (SB) for rhegmatogeno...
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:External drainage of subretinal fluid as part of a scleral buckling procedure rapidly restores the retinal pigment epithelium-neural retina interface in rhegmatogenous retinal...
Purpose: To report a case of fungal scleritis associated with exudative retinal detachment. Design: A rare case report. Methods: Nonresolving fungal scleritis mimicking noninfective scleritis was trea...
Assess recovery of macula function after successful scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment by using the multifocal ERG in the postoperative period i.e. recovery of...
To investigate the feasibility and advantages of using pressurized perfluorocarbon liquid (PCL) perfusion to remove vitreous during suction-cutting 23 GA vitrectomy using a dual, dynamic d...
The purpose of this study is to test if denufosol will remove the fluid build-up in the eye so that the retina can be re-attached without invasive surgery.
The purpose of the study is to compare the safety, intraocular adverse effects and the anatomic and functional outcome with two endotamponade silicone oil after a 3-month in complex inferi...
The purpose of this trial is to access the tolerability of INS37217 Intravitreal Injection when administered intravitreally in subjects with macula-on or macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal...