Shoulder Pain Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Factors Affecting the Incidence and Severity.

06:00 EDT 13th August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Shoulder Pain Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Factors Affecting the Incidence and Severity."

Abstract Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard treatment for gall bladder disease. However, despite its low degree of invasiveness, many patients complain of postoperative pain and postoperative nausea/vomiting. This study was planned to evaluate different factors affecting the incidence and severity of postoperative shoulder-tip pain after LC. Patients and Methods: One hundred consecutive patients who were treated for gall bladder stone by LC at the Gastroenterology Surgical Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, during the period from October 2008 to January 2010, were randomized according to different pnemoperitonum pressures (8, 10, 12, and 14 mm Hg). Each group comprises 25 patients. Results: There were 62 patients reported to have postoperative shoulder-tip pain during the first 12 hours after operation, which decreased to 9 patients on the 10th postoperative day. A significant difference was observed in the prevalence of pain at different pressures, 11% with low pressure and increased to 20% with high pressure. The incidence of shoulder-tip pain was significantly more in patients with a longer duration of the operation of >45 minutes at 12 hours (23 [76.7%] versus 39 [55.7%]; P = 0.04), at 24 hours (23 [76.7%] versus 29 [41.4%]; P = 0.009), and at 3 days postoperatively (19 [63.3%] versus 20 [28.6%]; P = 0.01). The volume of used gases during the operation had no effect on the incidence or severity of shoulder-tip pain after LC. Also, the use of intraoperative analgesics had no effect on the incidence or severity of shoulder-tip pain after LC. Conclusions: The origin of pain after LC is multifactorial. We recommend the use of the lower pressure technique during LC, and as patients with and without drains have similar incidence of postoperative shoulder pain, drains should not be used with the intention of preventing shoulder pain.


1 Faculty of Medicine, Gastroenterology Surgical Center, Mansoura University , Mansoura, Egypt .

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
ISSN: 1557-9034


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16785 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Predictive factors of difficult procedure in octogenarians undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a single center experience.

To assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in very elderly patients with particular attention to the predicitive factors of difficulty.

Efficacy of Repeated Intraperitoneal Administration of Levobupivacaine in Pain and Opioid Consumption After Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial.

To estimate the effect of intraperitoneal levobupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesic requirements, during the first 24 hours after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).

Clinician and patient-reported outcomes are associated with psychological factors in chronic shoulder pain patients.

Multiple factors are affecting outcomes after shoulder injuries and there is no general consensus on which are the most decisive. The research questions were: (1) In patients with chronic shoulder pai...

Gastroparesis post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy in diabetic patients.

Impairment of gastric emptying is well recognized in patients with diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the influencing factors for gastroparesis syndrome development after lapa...

Two-Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Children.

To evaluate two-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (2I-LC) in children, and compare outcomes with four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4P-LC).

Clinical Trials [7301 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Risk Factors for Shoulder Pain and Emesis After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Risk factors for postoperative shoulder pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy were not clear. Moreover, risk factors for postoperative emesis specially for this surgery were not detailed...

SILS™ Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Post Market Study

The objectives of this trial are: 1. to assess the feasibility and safety of performing SILS™ Port Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy 2. monitor and compare the outcomes of SI...

Liver Cauterization Increases the Postoperative Pain After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common accepted surgical operation with lower morbidity all over the world for gallstone. Although it has low morbidity, postoperative pain is challenging...

Intraperitoneal Analgesia After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with less pain than contemporary open procedures; it is definitely not pain free and the magnitude of postoperative shoulder and abdomin...

Incidence of Acute Kidney Injury After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

The aim of this study is to establish AKI incidence in patients who are undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to identify the potential risk factors associated with the development o...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.

Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.

A multifactorial disease of CATTLE resulting from complex interactions between environmental factors, host factors, and pathogens. The environmental factors act as stressors adversely affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM and other host defenses and enhancing transmission of infecting agents.

A syndrome associated with inflammation of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical features include severe pain in the shoulder region which may be accompanied by MUSCLE WEAKNESS and loss of sensation in the upper extremity. This condition may be associated with VIRUS DISEASES; IMMUNIZATION; SURGERY; heroin use (see HEROIN DEPENDENCE); and other conditions. The term brachial neuralgia generally refers to pain associated with brachial plexus injury. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1355-6)

A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...

An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...