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Subconjunctival hemorrhages commonly occur idiopathically or from causes including ocular surgery, trauma, anticoagulation medications, or a Valsalva maneuver. When a hemorrhage persists or recurs, a more extensive list of differential diagnoses must be considered. This report details a case in which persistent subconjunctival hemorrhages led to the discovery of ocular adnexal lymphoma. CASE
A 68-year-old white man presented with a 7- to 8-month history of a recurrent red left eye. There was no associated pain, discharge, or change in vision over that time. The right eye was never involved. An ocular examination of the left eye found a mild nasal subconjunctival hemorrhage and a salmon-pink-colored lesion involving the superior conjunctiva. Clinical findings, photos, magnetic resonance images, and histopathology results are presented and reviewed. The signs, symptoms, incidence, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognosis of ocular adnexal lymphoma are also discussed.
Lymphomas can occur in a variety of sites in the body. It is well documented that primary tumors can originate in the ocular adnexa. Although not typical, the first sign in this case was a recurrent subconjunctival hemorrhage. The importance of a thorough ocular examination is paramount for a patient's ocular health and possibly the patient's life.
Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California; San Francisco Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Optometry (St. Louis, Mo.)
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