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Hypotension can be a manifestation of transfusion reactions, including acute hemolysis, bacterial contamination, transfusion-related acute lung injury, and anaphylaxis. In addition to hypotension, these reactions usually present with other characteristic symptoms and signs. In rare cases, hypotension is the only manifestation of a transfusion reaction. This reaction, characterized by early and abrupt onset of hypotension that resolves quickly once the transfusion is stopped, is referred to as acute hypotensive transfusion reaction (AHTR). We report a case of AHTR observed in a patient on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy. The Naranjo adverse drug reaction probability scale score indicated that the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy and AHTR was probable. If a patient on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy develops AHTR, it is important to recognize the need to switch to another class of antihypertensive medication, at least while the patient continues to require transfusion.
1Department of Medicine, Cooper University Hospital, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Camden, NJ; 2Department of Medicine, New York Medical College and Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY; and 3Department of Medicine, Kalra Hospital & SRCNC,
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of therapeutics
Effects of withdrawing vs continuing renin-angiotensin blockers on incidence of acute kidney injury in patients with renal insufficiency undergoing cardiac catheterization: Results from the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor/Angiotensin Receptor Blocker and Contrast Induced Nephropathy in Patients Receiving Cardiac Catheterization (CAPTAIN) trial.
It is unclear if holding angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) prior to coronary angiography reduces contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). We und...
Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in the western world and its treatment should be optimized to decrease severe adverse events. Objective: To determine the effect of...
The present study was designed to investigate cognitive enhancing property of angiotensin-converting enzymes inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in rats.
The renin-angiotensin system has been implicated in the development of metabolic syndrome and appears to be a key in the local tissue control of normal cardiac functions. Physiological concentrations ...
Comparative effectiveness of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers on major adverse cardiac events in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: A nationwide study.
Guidelines for hypertension management recommend either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) as first-line therapies for diabetes population. No ...
To determine whether the addition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor to standard therapy in patients with known coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular functi...
The primary objective of this study is to study the acute effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on systemic, pulmonary and cerebral blood flow in post bidirectional cav...
The purpose of this study is to determine if patients should stop taking their angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor around the time of their angiogram in order to prevent contrast...
Abundant evidence suggests that Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibition potentially could reduce the hazardous effects of aortic stenosis and improve haemodynamics. The treatment se...
To evaluate that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin-converting enzyme receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce the risk of restenosis after DES implantation.
A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
A decapeptide that is cleaved from precursor angiotensinogen by RENIN. Angiotensin I has limited biological activity. It is converted to angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor, after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME.
An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.
A class of drugs whose main indications are the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. They exert their hemodynamic effect mainly by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. They also modulate sympathetic nervous system activity and increase prostaglandin synthesis. They cause mainly vasodilation and mild natriuresis without affecting heart rate and contractility.
One of the ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS that is used to treat hypertension.
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