PROS AND CONS OF DEXAMETHASONE SUPPRESSION TEST FOR SCREENING OF SUBCLINICAL CUSHING'S SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH ADRENAL INCIDENTALOMAS.
Summary of "PROS AND CONS OF DEXAMETHASONE SUPPRESSION TEST FOR SCREENING OF SUBCLINICAL CUSHING'S SYNDROME IN PATIENTS WITH ADRENAL INCIDENTALOMAS."
The results of dexamethasone suppression tests (DST) in the screening of subclinical hypercortisolism are not readily comparable. Aim of the present study was to review the effectiveness of the overnight 1-mg DST and 8-mg DST to look for functional autonomy of clinically inapparent adrenal adenomas. Sixty-eight consecutive patients with clinically inapparent adrenal adenomas were enrolled. All patients underwent 1-mg DST. The 8-mg DST was performed in the 11 patients who had post 1-mg DST cortisol >138 nmol/L and in 11 patients who had post 1-mg DST cortisol between 50 - 138 nmol/L. The a priori probability to have autonomous cortisol secretion was defined by the presence of at least two alterations of the HPA axis among reduced ACTH concentrations, elevated UFC or elevated midnight serum cortisol. Cortisol levels > 138 nmol/L after the 1-mg DST increases the posttest probability of adrenal functional autonomy to 55%, whereas cortisol levels <50 nmol/L reduce the post-test probability to 8%. Cortisol levels recorded after the 8-mg DST were non-significantly lower than after the 1-mg DST and all the patients with cortisol >138 nmol/L after the 1 mg DST maintained cortisol above this cut-point. The 1-mg DST should be considered as the more effective test to detect autonomous cortisol secretion by a clinically inapparent adrenal adenoma when cortisol levels are >138 nmol/l, while cortisol levels < 50 nmol/L reduces remarkably the post-test probability of this event. The 8-mg DST seems to replicate by large the results of the 1-mg DST.
Internal Medicine I, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, AOU San Luigi Gonzaga, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of endocrinological investigation
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Speech Articulation Tests
Tests of accuracy in pronouncing speech sounds, e.g., Iowa Pressure Articulation Test, Deep Test of Articulation, Templin-Darley Tests of Articulation, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation, Screening Speech Articulation Test, Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
False Negative Reactions
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
False Positive Reactions
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Predictive Value Of Tests
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
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