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High-grade dysplasia (HGD) and intramucosal carcinoma (IMC) in the setting of Barrett's esophagus have traditionally been treated with esophagectomy. However, with the advent of endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic ablative therapies, endoscopic therapy at centers with expertise is now an established treatment of Barrett's-esophagus-related neoplasia, including HGD and IMC. Esophagectomy is today reserved for more selected cases with submucosal invasion, evidence for lymph node metastasis, or unsuccessful endoscopic therapy.
Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave. MC 4076, Chicago, IL 60637, United States. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of gastroenterology : WJG
The absolute incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased 7-fold over the past 5 decades, and esophageal adenocarcinoma is the most rapidly increasing epithelial malignancy in the United State...
Barrett esophagus (BE) is a precursor lesion that confers an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Two issues confront the diagnosis of patients with BE: (1) sampling error at the time of endos...
Background and study aim: Mucosal neoplasia arising in Barrett's esophagus can be successfully treated with endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) followed by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The aim of the...
It is well known that there are discrepancies in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal neoplasia between Western and Japanese pathologists. In West, CRC is defined by invasion through the muscularis mucos...
Gastric dysplasia is a well-known precancerous lesion. Though the diagnosis of gastric low grade dysplasia (LGD) is generally made from endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB), the accuracy is doubtful after ...
RATIONALE: Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs to keep cancer from forming. The use of ursodiol may in patients with Barrett esophagus or low-grade dysplasia. PURPOSE: This phase ...
A Phase III Randomized Trial of Topical Vaginal Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU) Maintenance Therapy Versus Observation After Standard Treatment for High-Grade Cervical Dysplasia in HIV-Infected Women
To determine the efficacy and safety of intravaginal fluorouracil administered as prophylaxis in HIV-infected women who have received standard ablative therapy (surgery) for high-grade cer...
A-007 is an investigational therapy which may be effective in the treatment of pre-cancerous cervical dysplasia (abnormal cell growth). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety ...
Esophageal cancer is a common malignancy with a very poor prognosis. The principal reason for its poor prognosis is that most tumors are asymptomatic and go undetected until they have spr...
A higher percentage of radical resection is reported in studies using neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery versus surgery alone for esophageal cancer. And neoadjuvant chemotherapy ...
A tumor of both low- and high-grade malignancy. The low-grade grow slowly, appear in any age group, and are readily cured by excision. The high-grade behave aggressively, widely infiltrate the salivary gland and produce lymph node and distant metastases. Mucoepidermoid carcinomas account for about 21% of the malignant tumors of the parotid gland and 10% of the sublingual gland. They are the most common malignant tumor of the parotid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p575; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1240)
A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
An adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of cells resembling the glandular cells of the ENDOMETRIUM. It is a common histological type of ovarian CARCINOMA and ENDOMETRIAL CARCINOMA. There is a high frequency of co-occurrence of this form of adenocarcinoma in both tissues.
A variant of well-differentiated epidermoid carcinoma that is most common in the oral cavity, but also occurs in the larynx, nasal cavity, esophagus, penis, anorectal region, vulva, vagina, uterine cervix, and skin, especially on the sole of the foot. Most intraoral cases occur in elderly male abusers of smokeless tobacco. The treatment is surgical resection. Radiotherapy is not indicated, as up to 30% treated with radiation become highly aggressive within six months. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A malignant epithelial tumor of glandular tissue, especially the salivary glands, characterized by acini with mucus-producing cells and by the presence of malignant squamous elements. Most mucoepidermoid tumors are low-grade lesions readily cured by adequate excision. They may appear in any age group. They grow slowly. If high-grade, they behave aggressively, widely infiltrating the salivary gland and producing lymph node and distant metastases. (Dorland, 27th ed; from DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p575)
Barrett’s esophagus is a condition in which the tissue lining the esophagus—the muscular tube that carries food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach—is replaced by tissue that is similar to the intestinal lining. This process is ca...