# Analysis of inorganic polyphosphates by capillary gel electrophoresis.

05:13 EDT 20th May 2013 | BioPortfolio

### Summary of "Analysis of inorganic polyphosphates by capillary gel electrophoresis."

This paper describes the development of a method that uses capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE) to analyze mixtures of inorganic polyphosphate ((P(i))(n)). Resolution of (P(i))(n) on the basis of n, the number of residues of dehydrated phosphate, is accomplished by CGE using capillaries filled with solutions of poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMA) and indirect detection by the UV absorbance of a chromophore, terephthalate, added to the running buffer. The method is capable of resolving peaks representing (P(i))(n) with n up to approximately 70; preparation and use of authentic standards enables the identification of peaks for (P(i))(n) with n = 1-10. The main advantages of this method over previously reported methods for analyzing mixtures of (P(i))(n) (e.g., gel electrophoresis, CGE using polyacrylamide-filled capillaries) are its resolution, convenience, and reproducibility; gel-filled capillaries are easily regenerated by pumping in fresh, low-viscosity solutions of PDMA. The resolution is comparable to that of ion-exchange chromatography and detection of (P(i))(n) by suppressed conductivity. The method is useful for analyzing (P(i))(n) generated by the dehydration of P(i) at low temperature (125-140 degrees C) with urea, in a reaction that may have been important in prebiotic chemistry. The method should also be useful for characterizing mixtures of other anionic, oligomeric, or polymeric species without an intrinsic chromophore (e.g., sulfated polysaccharides, oligomeric phospho-diesters).

### Affiliation

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University,12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA.

### Journal Details

Name: Analytical chemistry
ISSN: 1520-6882
Pages: 6838-46

## Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Capillary Electrochromatography

A separation technique which combines LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY and CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS.

Electrophoresis, Capillary

A highly-sensitive (in the picomolar range, which is 10,000-fold more sensitive than conventional electrophoresis) and efficient technique that allows separation of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and CARBOHYDRATES. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

Comet Assay

A genotoxicological technique for measuring DNA damage in an individual cell using single-cell gel electrophoresis. Cell DNA fragments assume a "comet with tail" formation on electrophoresis and are detected with an image analysis system. Alkaline assay conditions facilitate sensitive detection of single-strand damage.

Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-dimensional

Electrophoresis in which a second perpendicular electrophoretic transport is performed on the separate components resulting from the first electrophoresis. This technique is usually performed on polyacrylamide gels.

Molecular Typing

Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.

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