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Prostatitis ranges from a straightforward clinical entity in its acute form to a complex, debilitating condition when chronic. It is often a source of frustration for the treating physician and patient. There are four classifications of prostatitis: acute bacterial, chronic bacterial, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic. Diagnosis of acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis is primarily based on history, physical examination, urine culture, and urine specimen testing pre- and post-prostatic massage. The differential diagnosis of prostatitis includes acute cystitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, urinary tract stones, bladder cancer, prostatic abscess, enterovesical fistula, and foreign body within the urinary tract. The mainstay of therapy is an antimicrobial regimen. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a more challenging entity, in part because its pathology is poorly understood. Diagnosis is often based on exclusion of other urologic conditions (e.g., voiding dysfunction, bladder cancer) in association with its presentation. Commonly used medications include antimicrobials, alpha blockers, and anti-inflammatory agents, but the effectiveness of these agents has not been supported in clinical trials. Small studies provide limited support for the use of nonpharmacologic modalities. Asymptomatic prostatitis is an incidental finding in a patient being evaluated for other urologic problems.
University of Iowa Health Care, Iowa City, IA, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American family physician
Background: Mycoplasma genitalium (M. genitalium) has been shown to be involved in chronic non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). However, the prevalence and determinants of this emerging sexually transmiss...
Prostatitis is a common disease contributing to 8% of all urologist visits. Yet the etiology and effective treatment remain to be further elucidated. Using a non-obese diabetes mouse model that can be...
BACKGROUND Prostatitis is a common and refractory urological disease with complicated etiology. Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) has a close relationship with human urinary tract infection that can induce ...
Bacille Calmette-Guerin intravesical treatment is the most effective treatment for reducing the recurrence of non-muscle-invasive urothelial carcinomas. This treatment can sometimes have side effects ...
This prospective analysis assessed the effect of histological prostatitis on lower urinary tract functions and sexual function. The patients were separated into two groups as histologically observed p...
Prostatitis is the most common urologic diagnosis in men under the age of 50 and the third most common diagnosis in older men. In Chronic Prostatitis (CP) or Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome ...
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, an pelvic organ of men. Prostatitis can cause great discomfort which varies but can include pelvic pain, pelvic pressure, a vague sense of d...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether tamsulosin and tolterodine are effective in the treatment of men with lower urinary tract symptoms and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic ...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether tanezumab is effective in the treatment of pain associated with chronic prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is an extremely common urologic diagnosis and accounts for approximately 2 million outpatient visits to urology practices in the United Sta...
Infiltration of inflammatory cells into the parenchyma of PROSTATE. The subtypes are classified by their varied laboratory analysis, clinical presentation and response to treatment.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
The fraudulent misrepresentation of the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...