Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov., an acidic pH-neutralizing bacterium isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps in Thailand.
Summary of "Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov., an acidic pH-neutralizing bacterium isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps in Thailand."
Two strains of acidic pH-neutralizing bacteria, E25(T) and E21, were isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps (pH 2 - 4) in actual acid sulfate soil areas of Thailand. The strains were Gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and rod-shaped bacteria, having a cellular width of 0.6 - 0.8 microm and a length of 1.6 - 2.1 microm. These strains showed good growth between pH 4.0 and 8.0 and between 17 and 37 degrees C. The organisms contained ubiquinone Q-8 as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and C(16 : 0), C(17 : 0) cyclo, and C(18 : 1 )omega7c as their major fatty acids. Their fatty acid profiles were similar to those reported for other Burkholderia species. The DNA G+C content of these strains was 65 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, these strains were shown to belong to the genus Burkholderia. Although the calculated 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of E25(T) to E21, B. unamae, B. tropica, B. sacchari, B. nodosa, and B. mimosarum were 100 %, 98.7 %, 98.6 %, 97.6 %, 97.4%, and 97.3 %, respectively, E25(T) and E21 formed a group that was distinct in the phylogenetic tree; and the DNA-DNA relatedness values of E25(T) to E21, B. unamae, B. tropica, B. sacchari, B. nodosa, and B. mimosarum were 90 %, 42 %, 42 %, 42 %, 45 %, and 35 %, respectively. The results of physiological and biochemical tests including whole-cell protein pattern analysis allowed phenotypic differentiation of these strains from the previously published Burkholderia species. Therefore, strains E25(T) and E21 represent a new species, for which the name Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E25(T) (= NBRC 103871(T) = BCC 36998(T)).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20709915
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.026278-0
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A species of BURKHOLDERIA considered to be an opportunistic human pathogen. It has been associated with various types of infections of nosocomial origin.
A family of homologous proteins of low MOLECULAR WEIGHT that are predominately expressed in the BRAIN and that have been implicated in a variety of human diseases. They were originally isolated from CHOLINERGIC FIBERS of TORPEDO.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
Infections with bacteria of the genus BURKHOLDERIA.
Protein of the annexin family originally isolated from the electric organ of the electric ray Torpedo marmorata. It has been found in a wide range of mammalian tissue where it is localized to the apical membrane of polarized EPITHELIAL CELLS.