Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov., an acidic pH-neutralizing bacterium isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps in Thailand.

20:41 EST 6th March 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov., an acidic pH-neutralizing bacterium isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps in Thailand."

Two strains of acidic pH-neutralizing bacteria, E25(T) and E21, were isolated from torpedo grass (Panicum repens) that grows in highly acidic swamps (pH 2 - 4) in actual acid sulfate soil areas of Thailand. The strains were Gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and rod-shaped bacteria, having a cellular width of 0.6 - 0.8 microm and a length of 1.6 - 2.1 microm. These strains showed good growth between pH 4.0 and 8.0 and between 17 and 37 degrees C. The organisms contained ubiquinone Q-8 as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and C(16 : 0), C(17 : 0) cyclo, and C(18 : 1 )omega7c as their major fatty acids. Their fatty acid profiles were similar to those reported for other Burkholderia species. The DNA G+C content of these strains was 65 mol%. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, these strains were shown to belong to the genus Burkholderia. Although the calculated 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of E25(T) to E21, B. unamae, B. tropica, B. sacchari, B. nodosa, and B. mimosarum were 100 %, 98.7 %, 98.6 %, 97.6 %, 97.4%, and 97.3 %, respectively, E25(T) and E21 formed a group that was distinct in the phylogenetic tree; and the DNA-DNA relatedness values of E25(T) to E21, B. unamae, B. tropica, B. sacchari, B. nodosa, and B. mimosarum were 90 %, 42 %, 42 %, 42 %, 45 %, and 35 %, respectively. The results of physiological and biochemical tests including whole-cell protein pattern analysis allowed phenotypic differentiation of these strains from the previously published Burkholderia species. Therefore, strains E25(T) and E21 represent a new species, for which the name Burkholderia bannensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E25(T) (= NBRC 103871(T) = BCC 36998(T)).

Affiliation

Nihon University;

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
ISSN: 1466-5026
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [5955 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Draft Genome Sequence of Burkholderia sp. Strain MP-1, a Methyl Parathion (MP)-Degrading Bacterium from MP-Contaminated Soil.

Burkholderia sp. strain MP-1 was isolated from pesticide-contaminated soil. Herein, we report the draft genome sequence of strain MP-1, which contains 168 contigs of 8,611,053 bp, with a G+C content o...

Genotyping of Burkholderia mallei from an Outbreak of Glanders in Bahrain Suggests Multiple Introduction Events.

Glanders, caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia mallei, is a highly infectious zoonotic disease of solipeds causing severe disease in animals and men. Although eradicated from many Wester...

Draft genome sequence of a denitrifying bacterium Paracoccus marcusii PAMC 22219 isolated from Arctic marine sediment.

A denitrifying bacterium, Paracoccus marcusii PAMC 22219, was isolated from Arctic marine sediment in Svalbard, Norway. The obtained contigs were 265 with genome size of 4.0Mb and G+C content of 66.1%...

Draft genome sequence of the first acid-tolerant sulfate-reducing deltaproteobacterium Desulfovibrio sp. TomC having potential for minewater treatment.

The sulfidogenic bacterium Desulfovibrio sp. TomC was isolated from acidic waste at the abandoned gold ore mining site in the Martaiga gold ore belt, Western Siberia. This bacterium, being the first r...

Mechanism of Human Antibody-Mediated Neutralization of Marburg Virus.

The mechanisms by which neutralizing antibodies inhibit Marburg virus (MARV) are not known. We isolated a panel of neutralizing antibodies from a human MARV survivor that bind to MARV glycoprotein (GP...

Clinical Trials [268 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Amiloride Solution and Tobramycin Solution for Inhalation for the Eradication of Burkholderia Dolosa in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis

The purpose of this research study is to determine if multiple doses of two inhaled drugs will help Cystic Fibrosis patients whose lungs are infected with a bacteria called Burkholderia do...

Safety and Efficacy Study of Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution (AZLI) in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis and Chronic Burkholderia Species Infection

The purpose of this research study is to see if an experimental drug called Aztreonam for Inhalation Solution is safe and effective to treat Burkholderia lung infections in patients with C...

ENGYNE Exploring Gilenya in Patients With Neutralizing Antibodies Against Interferon

Study to evaluate efficacy of fingolimod in patients with neutralizing antibodies over 12 months

A Randomized Double Blinded Comparison of Ceftazidime and Meropenem in Severe Melioidosis

Melioidosis, an infection caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is a major cause of community-acquired septicaemia in northeast Thailand. Common manifestations include cavitat...

Investigating if Interferon-Beta Can be Used in Patients With MS After They Have Developed Neutralizing Antibodies

This study is to find out if Interferon-beta can recover its effectiveness in patients with Multiple Sclerosis who have previously developed neutralizing antibodies to Interferon-Beta.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of BURKHOLDERIA considered to be an opportunistic human pathogen. It has been associated with various types of infections of nosocomial origin.

A family of homologous proteins of low MOLECULAR WEIGHT that are predominately expressed in the BRAIN and that have been implicated in a variety of human diseases. They were originally isolated from CHOLINERGIC FIBERS of TORPEDO.

A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.

Infections with bacteria of the genus BURKHOLDERIA.

Protein of the annexin family originally isolated from the electric organ of the electric ray Torpedo marmorata. It has been found in a wide range of mammalian tissue where it is localized to the apical membrane of polarized EPITHELIAL CELLS.

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading
Advertisement

Relevant Topic

Bioinformatics
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Advertisement

Searches Linking to this Article