Podoplanin-positive cells are a hallmark of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis.
Summary of "Podoplanin-positive cells are a hallmark of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis."
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) and simple peritoneal sclerosis are important complications of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Podoplanin is expressed by mesothelial cells and lymphatic vessels, which are involved in inflammatory reactions in the peritoneal cavity.
We studied 69 peritoneal biopsies from patients on PD (n = 16), patients with EPS (n = 18) and control biopsies taken at the time of hernia repair (n = 15) or appendectomy (n = 20). Immunohistochemistry was performed to localize podoplanin. Additionally, markers of endothelial cells, mesothelial cells, myofibroblasts (smooth muscle actin), proliferating cells, and double labelling for smooth muscle actin/podoplanin were used on selected biopsies.
Podoplanin was present on the endothelium of lymphatic vessels in the submesothelial fibrous tissue and on mesothelial cells. In patients on PD and in biopsies with appendicitis, the mesothelial cells demonstrated a cuboidal appearance and circumferential podoplanin staining, with gaps between the cells. The number of lymphatic vessels was variable, but prominent at sites of fibrosis. In patients with EPS, a diffuse infiltration of podoplanin-positive cells with a fibroblastic appearance was present in 15 out of 18 biopsies. This pattern was focally present in 3 out of 16 on PD and none in the 35 controls. The podoplanin-positive cells did not express the endothelial marker or the mesothelial marker (calretinin).
EPS is characterized by a population of podoplanin and smooth muscle actin double-positive cells. Podoplanin might be a suitable morphological marker supporting the diagnosis and might be involved in the pathogenesis of EPS.
1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany.
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Natural openings in the subdiaphragmatic lymphatic plexus in the PERITONEUM, delimited by adjacent mesothelial cells. Peritoneal stomata constitute the principal pathways for the drainage of intraperitoneal contents from the PERITONEAL CAVITY to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.
Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory
Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
Disorder characterized by a wide range of structural changes in PERITONEUM, resulting from fibrogenic or inflammatory processes. Peritoneal fibrosis is a common complication in patients receiving PERITONEAL DIALYSIS and contributes to its gradual decrease in efficiency.
Washing out of the peritoneal cavity. The procedure is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic technique following abdominal trauma or inflammation.
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