Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio: What's in a Number?

05:23 EDT 29th March 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio: What's in a Number?"

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Affiliation

Division of Nephrology, Kidney Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
ISSN: 1533-3450
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [12766 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Why 24-h Urine Albumin Excretion Rate Method Still is Used for Screening of Diabetic Nephropathy in Isfahan Laboratories?

The first step in diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy is measurement of albumin in a spot urine sample. The aim of this study was assessment of the accuracy of urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR)...

Predicting Kidney Transplantation Outcomes Using Proteinuria Ascertained From Spot Urine Samples Versus Timed Urine Collections.

Proteinuria has been associated with transplant loss and mortality in kidney transplant recipients. Both spot samples (albumin-creatinine ratio [ACR] and protein-creatinine ratio [PCR]) and 24-hour co...

Assessment of human cartilage glycoprotein 39 (YKL-40), preptin, and nitric oxide in adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes and its relation to cardiorenal affection.

Abstract Aim: To evaluate new biomarkers such as YKL-40, preptin, and nitric oxide (NO) in patients with diabetes and to assess its relation to cardiorenal injury. Patients and methods: The study incl...

Urinary Albumin as a Marker of Future Blood Pressure and Hypertension in the General Population.

We investigated whether urinary albumin could predict the development of hypertension and future increases in blood pressure in the normotensive general population.Normotensive subjects who visited ou...

Changes in kidney function among Nicaraguan sugarcane workers.

Background: There is an epidemic of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown etiology in Central American workers. Objectives: To investigate changes and job-specific differences in kidney function ove...

Clinical Trials [2013 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

VALERIA: Valsartan in Combination With Lisinopril in Hypertensive Patients With Microalbuminuria

The purpose of this study is to compare if the combination of valsartan 320 mg/lisinopril 20 mg versus the monotherapies of lisinopril 40 mg or valsartan 320 mg will result in a greater de...

Predicitve Use of Spot Urine Protein/Creatinine Ratios in Preeclampsia

The investigators intend to perform a large prospective study looking at the predictability of the random urine protein-to-creatinine ratio compared to the gold standard 24-hour urine prot...

Furosemide and Albumin for Diuresis of Edema: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Critically ill patients usually require intravenous fluids to correct low blood pressure and improve blood flow to vital organs. However, once the patient's blood pressure has improved, th...

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Detecting Endothelial Dysfunction

The goal of this research study is to demonstrate that Cardiac Perfusion MRI with Vasomotor Stress may serve as a non-invasive and less risky imaging technique for detecting non-obstructi...

A Study of Atrasentan on Reducing Albuminuria in Type 2 Diabetic Nephropathy Treated With Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors

The study objective is to investigate the effects of three low doses of atrasentan on urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) levels in subjects with Type 2 diabetic nephropathy.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).

An amino acid that occurs in vertebrate tissues and in urine. In muscle tissue, creatine generally occurs as phosphocreatine. Creatine is excreted as CREATININE in the urine.

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.

The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.

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