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The aim of this article is to describe the surgical techniques for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC). Resection with microscopically negative margin (R0) is the only way to cure patients with HC. Today, resection of the caudate lobe and part of segment IV, combined with a right or left hepatectomy, bile duct resection, lymphadenectomy of the hepatic hilum and sometimes vascular resection, is the standard surgical procedure for HC. Intraoperative frozen-section examination of proximal and distal biliary margins is necessary to confirm the suitability of resection. Although lymphadenectomy probably has little direct effect on survival, inaccurate staging information may influence post resection treatment recommendations. Aggressive venous and arterial resections should be undertaken in selected cases to achieve a R0 resection. The concept of "no-touch proposed" in 1999 by Neuhaus et al combine an extended right hepatectomy with systematic portal vein resection and caudate lobectomy avoiding hilar dissection and possible intraoperative microscopic dissemination of cancer cells. More recently minor liver resections have been proposed for treatment of HC. As the hilar bifurcation of the bile ducts is near to liver segments IV, V and I, adequate liver resection of these segments together with the bile ducts can result in cure.
Emilio Ramos, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, Universidad de Barcelona, 08907 Barcelona, Spain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of gastrointestinal oncology
Pure laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma is still a challenging procedure, in which laparoscopic lymphadenectomy, hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy, and hepaticojejunostomy...
Although hemihepatectomy with total caudate lobectomy (hemiHx-tc) is essential for the surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, the advantage of an anterior approach for hemiHx-tc has not been ...
Major vascular involvement (IVC or portal vein) for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) has traditionally been considered a contraindication to resection. We sought to define perioperative outcomes ...
In patients with cholangiocarcinoma, surgical resection with curative intent is the only way to achieve cure. Since surgical resection of cholangiocarcinomas is technically demanding, determination of...
Whether a wide hilar hepaticojejunostomy after bile duct cyst (BDC) excision can prevent the development of postoperative complications remains an unanswered question. We compared our outcomes after a...
The investigators conducted a prospective study to determine the safety and efficacy of minor and major hepatectomy selected by predetermined criteria in 138 patients with hilar cholangioc...
To evaluate the feasibility and performance of coregistered 18F-FDG-PET/MRI in the staging of potentially respectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
To determine the safety and efficacy of photodynamic therapy with a novel photosensitizer and a flexible laser probe in locally advanced hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
This study is to investigate whether preoperative biliary drainage can reduce the postoperative morbidity in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
The purpose of this study is to compare the quality of life in patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma on palliative metallic stent versus plastic Stent.
Surgical removal or resection of the CERVIX UTERI.
The local implantation of tumor cells by contamination of instruments and surgical equipment during and after surgical resection, resulting in local growth of the cells and tumor formation.
Study of the causes as well as tactical and strategic principles of WARFARE.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
A variant of well-differentiated epidermoid carcinoma that is most common in the oral cavity, but also occurs in the larynx, nasal cavity, esophagus, penis, anorectal region, vulva, vagina, uterine cervix, and skin, especially on the sole of the foot. Most intraoral cases occur in elderly male abusers of smokeless tobacco. The treatment is surgical resection. Radiotherapy is not indicated, as up to 30% treated with radiation become highly aggressive within six months. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...