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Here we present a review of most of the currently used polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods for identification of Brucella bacteria in biological samples. We focused in particular on methods using single-pair primers, multiplex primers, real-time PCRs, PCRs for marine Brucella, and PCRs for molecular biotyping. These methods are becoming very important tools for the identification of Brucella, at the species level and recently also at the biovar level. These techniques require minimum biological containment and can provide results in a very short time. In addition, genetic fingerprinting of isolates aid in epidemiological studies of the disease and its control. PCR-based methods are more useful and practical than conventional methods used to identify Brucella spp., and new methods for Brucella spp. identification and typing are still being developed. However, the sensitivity, specificity, and issues of quality control and quality assurance using these methods must be fully validated on clinical samples before PCR can be used in routine laboratory testing for brucellosis.
Klaus Nielsen, Ottawa Laboratories (Fallowfield), Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3851 Fallowfield Road, Nepean, Ontario, K2H 8P9, Canada, Klaus.Nielsen@inspection.gc.ca.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Croatian medical journal
To develop a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based test for the detection of a common frame-shift mutation (35delG) in the connexin-26 (GJB2) gene, and to investigate the status of this mutation in Om...
The purpose of the described method is the detection of and differentiation between RNA and DNA of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-derived lentiviral vectors (LV) in cell culture supernatants and s...
Development of a Novel, Rapid Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay for the Detection and Differentiation of Salmonella enterica Serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium Using Ultra-Fast Convection Polymerase Chain Reaction.
Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium are the most common causative agents of human nontyphoidal salmonellosis. The rapid detection and timely treatment of salmonellosis are importa...
We investigated the performance of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on blood in the diagnosis of pneumococcal pneumonia among children from 7 low- and middle-income countries.
Detection of pneumococcus by lytA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in blood had poor diagnostic accuracy for diagnosing pneumococcal pneumonia in children in 9 African and Asian sites. We assessed the ...
The primary purpose of this study is to validate the sensitivity and specificity of the Respirio Flu Test and the eLab Flu Test in detecting Influenza A as compared to the gold standard fo...
This study focusses on finding out if osteosarcoma can be detected in blood. The cells will be measured by a new laboratory technique called the polymerase chain reaction. This new techniq...
The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized clinical trial to compare an antibiotic strategy based on a novel diagnostic test, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to usual care, in cr...
The principal objective is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the PoC assay (Genedrive, Epistem) to detect HCV RNA against the reference standard of commercial real-time polymerase chain...
This will be a retrospective review of 30 patients with unknown primary cancer who have had commercially available RT-PCR assays performed on biopsied tumors, in order to determine if the ...
Methods for using more than one primer set in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify more than one segment of the target DNA sequence in a single reaction.
Methods used for detecting the amplified DNA products from the polymerase chain reaction as they accumulate instead of at the end of the reaction.
A heat stable DNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE from the bacteria Thermus aquaticus. It is widely used for the amplification of genes through the process of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION. EC 2.7.7.-.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A technique that labels specific sequences in whole chromosomes by in situ DNA chain elongation or PCR (polymerase chain reaction).
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...