Involvement of prostaglandin F2alpha in preeclamptic human umbilical vein vasospasm: a role of prostaglandin F and thromboxane A2 receptors.
Summary of "Involvement of prostaglandin F2alpha in preeclamptic human umbilical vein vasospasm: a role of prostaglandin F and thromboxane A2 receptors."
Preeclampsia is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria developing after 20 weeks of gestation. Increased vasoconstriction can be one of the major underlying pathophysiological event in this syndrome. We examined the role of vasoconstrictor prostanoid, prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) in preeclamptic and normotensive human umbilical veins.
Umbilical veins were set up in organ bath. The concentration-response curves of PGF2alpha (endogenous agonist of prostaglandin F receptor) and fluprostenol (prostaglandin F receptor selective agonist) were determined in normal and preeclamptic veins either in the absence or presence of BAY u3405 (thromboxane A2 receptor selective antagonist). PGF2alpha and its major metabolite concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassay kit. The expression of vasoconstrictor prostanoid receptors was determined by western blot.
The concentration-dependent contractions to PGF2alpha and fluprostenol were significantly increased in umbilical vein preparations derived from preeclamptic women compared with those of normotensives. Increased reactivity was related with enhanced sensitivity to these spasmogens in preeclamptic veins. BAY u3405 (10 mumol/l) did not modify the responsiveness to PGF2alpha in normal umbilical veins whereas moderately reduced the contractions in preeclamptic preparations. Serum concentrations of PGF2alpha and its major metabolite, 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2alpha, were comparable between preeclamptics and normotensives whereas the metabolite concentration was elevated in umbilical cord serum of preeclamptics. 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF2alpha, release was also increased in umbilical vein preparations of preeclamptic women. An increased prostaglandin F receptor protein expression was determined whereas EP3 and thromboxane A2 protein expressions were unchanged in preeclamptic umbilical veins.
Prostaglandin F and thromboxane A2 receptors activation by PGF2alpha could be involved in umbilical vasospasm observed in preeclampsia.
aIstanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology, Istanbul, Turkey bINSERM U698: Haemostasis, Bio-engineering and Cardiovascular Remodeling, CHU X, Bichat, Paris, France cFikret Biyal Central Biochemistry Laboratory, Turkey dDepartmen
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hypertension
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20720498
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e32833e868f
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Venous vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry oxygenated, nutrient-rich blood from the mother to the FETUS via the PLACENTA. In humans, there is normally one umbilical vein.
A synthetic prostaglandin F2alpha analog. The compound has luteolytic effects and is used for the synchronization of estrus in cattle.
Isoprostanes derived from the free radical oxidation of ARACHIDONIC ACID. Although similar in structure to enzymatically synthesized prostaglandin F2alpha (DINOPROST), they occur through non-enzymatic oxidation of cell membrane lipids.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
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