The Relationship between Insulin Resistance and Hypercoagulability in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

11:09 EDT 3rd August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Relationship between Insulin Resistance and Hypercoagulability in Acute Ischemic Stroke."

Aim: Insulin resistance has effects on the coagulation system, which is important in the acute phase of infarct. We examined the relationships between insulin resistance, hemostatic markers and stroke severity in acute ischemic stroke patients. Methods: Protein C (PC), protein S (PS), fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor and antithrombin III (AT III) were studied in 75 acute ischemic stroke patients with and without insulin resistance. Results: The PC and PS levels of insulin-resistant patients were significantly lower than those of non-insulin-resistant patients (
PC:
87 +/- 19.23 vs. 97.89 +/- 13.3%, p = 0.007;
PS:
84.75 +/- 15.72 vs. 93.21 +/- 15.02%, p = 0.02), and both of the anticoagulants were correlated with the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA; r = -0.339, p = 0.003 and r = -0.481, p = 0.000, respectively). Additionally, the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score correlated negatively with PS (r = -0.329, p = 0.004) and AT III levels (r = -0.235, p = 0.04). The parameters with positive correlations with NIHSS were fibrinogen (r = 0.270, p = 0.019), fasting glucose (r = 0.358, p = 0.008) and HOMA (r = 0.286, p = 0.013). Conclusions: The significant associations between insulin resistance and hemostatic markers may be relevant to stroke severity by causing a procoagulant tendency in acute ischemic stroke.

Affiliation

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European neurology
ISSN: 1421-9913
Pages: 201-206

Links

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A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.

Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)

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